George Grivas

Grivas, George

(grē`väs), 1898–1974, Greek and Cypriot general, b. Cyprus. He joined the Greek army and early became an advocate of enosis (the union of Cyprus with Greece). After World War II, he played a sinister role in the antileftist repression that helped bring about the Greek Civil War. In 1954 he returned to Cyprus to head a guerrilla army (EOKA), which conducted struggle against the British in Cyprus from 1955 to 1959. He opposed the 1959 agreements establishing the independent republic of Cyprus. In Aug., 1964, after fighting broke out between Greek and Turkish Cypriots, he commanded the Cypriot national guard and headed Greek forces on the island. Grivas was forced to leave Cyprus, however, in Nov., 1967, after a number of Turkish Cypriots were killed in a battle with Grivas's national guard. In 1971, he returned secretly to the island, launching a terrorist campaign against the government of President Makarios. Shortly after his death, his movement succeeded in temporarily overthrowing Makarios, thus opening the way for a Turkish seizure of the northern third of the island (July, 1974) and its de facto partition.

Bibliography

See his Memoirs, ed. by C. Foley (1965); biography by D. Barker (1960).

References in periodicals archive ?
In his memorial speech about George Grivas two years ago, this headmaster said that Grivas "constitutes one of the leading personalities produced by Cyprus, but also wider Hellenism during the 20th century".
He thanked EOKA leader George Grivas for his help and sent him back to Greece, infuriating Right-wing nationalists.
Genikos, Gen or G Archbishop Makarios Dighenis, the Leader or Uncle George Grivas Cicero Polykarpos Georghiades Lykourgos Markos Drakos Romanos Renos Kyriakides Botsaris Poliviou Tselingas Constantinos Lefkosiotis Zidros Gregorios Afxentiou X (Diagonal cross and bishop's crook) Papastavros Averof Yannakis Drousiotis
When in 1954 the Greek Colonel, George Grivas, initiated the Enosis Campaign (Union with Greece) the response from the British was immediate and in many cases severe.
The Pentadactilos range -- Besparmak in Turkish -- derives its name from the myth of Digenis Akritas who according to legend left marks from the knuckles of his five fingers on the mountain as he leapt into Asia Minor, which is obviously apocryphal but which explains its appeal to nationalists like George Grivas who used Digenis as his nom de guerre and Tasos Papadopoulos whose nefarious plan against the Turkish Cypriots was called Akritas.
Body of Grivas lies in state: General George Grivas dies of a heart attack in the Limassol house where he had his EOKA hideout from 1955-59.
According to later writings by Sampson, the three Britons had been in a camera shop boasting about how they had come to crush EOKA leader George Grivas.
Bell says that when final negotiations for a Cyprus settlement were underway, the British believed they knew where EOKA leader George Grivas was hiding.
And who do we have to thank for this present state of affairs, Theodoros Kolokotroni (Greek general and pre-eminent leader of the Greek War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire) or George Grivas and Archbishop Makarios, DrFazyl KE-cE-k and Rauf Denktash?
Seeing this incursion of foreign weapons and troops as a major threat, the Cypriot government called on EOKA leader George Grivas to return from Greece and launch an attack on the bridgehead.
X' or Chi, a proto-fascist military style organisation, was headed by the monarchist, George Grivas, who first sided with the Nazis, then fought against them as the war was drawing to a close.
Seeing this incursion of foreign weapons and troops as a major threat, the Cypriot government invited EOKA leader George Grivas to return from Greece as commander of the Greek troops on the island and launch an attack on the bridgehead.