George Grivas

Grivas, George

(grē`väs), 1898–1974, Greek and Cypriot general, b. Cyprus. He joined the Greek army and early became an advocate of enosis (the union of Cyprus with Greece). After World War II, he played a sinister role in the antileftist repression that helped bring about the Greek Civil War. In 1954 he returned to Cyprus to head a guerrilla army (EOKA), which conducted struggle against the British in Cyprus from 1955 to 1959. He opposed the 1959 agreements establishing the independent republic of Cyprus. In Aug., 1964, after fighting broke out between Greek and Turkish Cypriots, he commanded the Cypriot national guard and headed Greek forces on the island. Grivas was forced to leave Cyprus, however, in Nov., 1967, after a number of Turkish Cypriots were killed in a battle with Grivas's national guard. In 1971, he returned secretly to the island, launching a terrorist campaign against the government of President Makarios. Shortly after his death, his movement succeeded in temporarily overthrowing Makarios, thus opening the way for a Turkish seizure of the northern third of the island (July, 1974) and its de facto partition.

Bibliography

See his Memoirs, ed. by C. Foley (1965); biography by D. Barker (1960).

References in periodicals archive ?
FRENCH World War I hero, Marshal Henri Philippe Petain and our very own General George Grivas share many common characteristics.
He thanked EOKA leader George Grivas for his help and sent him back to Greece, infuriating Right-wing nationalists.
When in 1954 the Greek Colonel, George Grivas, initiated the Enosis Campaign (Union with Greece) the response from the British was immediate and in many cases severe.
Chlorakas is famous as the landing site of General George Grivas in the 1950s, at the start of his guerrilla campaign against British rule in Cyprus.
Genikos, Gen or G Archbishop Makarios Dighenis, the Leader or Uncle George Grivas Cicero Polykarpos Georghiades Lykourgos Markos Drakos Romanos Renos Kyriakides Botsaris Poliviou Tselingas Constantinos Lefkosiotis Zidros Gregorios Afxentiou X (Diagonal cross and bishop's crook) Papastavros Averof Yannakis Drousiotis
April 1 was commemorated with parades by students and veterans, honouring those who were killed in the struggle for independence or executed, with the second biggest event taking place in Limassol, at a memorial built by EOKA commander General George Grivas Dighenis.
Those who remember the strife will recall that we all knew what Makarios was up to in 1963 -- knew that George Grivas and EOKA B were criminally insane -- knew that we, the man in the street, were complicit in Makarios' corruption of the 1960 Zurich Agreements, thinking we would profit from fleeing Turkish Cypriots -- houses, land, businesses.
A memorial service in memory of EOKA founder George Grivas in Limassol was marred on Sunday after vandals spray painted and defaced his statue overnight, organisers said.
In his memorial speech about George Grivas two years ago, this headmaster said that Grivas "constitutes one of the leading personalities produced by Cyprus, but also wider Hellenism during the 20th century".
The Pentadactilos range -- Besparmak in Turkish -- derives its name from the myth of Digenis Akritas who according to legend left marks from the knuckles of his five fingers on the mountain as he leapt into Asia Minor, which is obviously apocryphal but which explains its appeal to nationalists like George Grivas who used Digenis as his nom de guerre and Tasos Papadopoulos whose nefarious plan against the Turkish Cypriots was called Akritas.
Body of Grivas lies in state: General George Grivas dies of a heart attack in the Limassol house where he had his EOKA hideout from 1955-59.
According to later writings by Sampson, the three Britons had been in a camera shop boasting about how they had come to crush EOKA leader George Grivas.