George Henry Lewes


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Lewes, George Henry

 

Born Apr. 18, 1817, in London; died there Nov. 28, 1878. English journalist, literary critic, and positivist philosopher, follower of A. Comte.

Lewes founded the journal Fortnightly Review. In his influential History of Philosophy (vols. 1-4, 1845-46; Russian translation, 1865), Lewes viewed the history of philosophy as a history of errors and attempted to show that positivism was the only path to knowledge. He expounded the principle of the “functional indifference of nerves” arid criticized the doctrine of “physiological idealism” concerning the specific energy of the sense organs. Lewes’ ideas contributed to the spread of naturalism in 19th-century English literature.

WORKS

Aristotle. London, 1864.
The Problems of Life and Mind, vols. 1-5. London, 1874-79.
The Physical Basis of Mind. London, 1877.
Life and Works of Goethe. London, 1855.
In Russian translation:
“Filosofiia nauk O. Konta.” In G. H. Lewes and J. S. Mill, O. Kont i polozhiteVnaia filosofiia. St. Petersburg, 1867.
Serdtse i mozg [2nd ed.]. St. Petersburg, 1875.
Voprosy o zhizni i dukhe, vols. 1-2. St. Petersburg, 1875-76.
Izuchenie psikhologii, ee predmet, oblast’ i metod. Moscow, 1880.

REFERENCES

Stadlin A. “Filosofskoe uchenie D. G. Luisa.” Russkii vestnik, 1876, vols. 124, 125, 126.
Volkov, N. P. D. G. L’iuis. Vladikavkaz, 1904.
Ivashcheva, V. V. “Ot Dzhordzh Eliot k angliiskomu romanu 60-kh gg.” Voprosy literatury, 1971, no. 7.
Mentioned in ?
References in classic literature ?
This connection was most important in its personal results; it brought her into contact with a versatile man of letters, George Henry Lewes, [Footnote: Pronounced in two syllables.
He had read somewhere that every man was born a Platonist, an Aristotelian, a Stoic, or an Epicurean; and the history of George Henry Lewes (besides telling you that philosophy was all moonshine) was there to show that the thought of each philospher was inseparably connected with the man he was.
Algunas de las metaforas mas llamativas, recogidas en este articulo, son las de la bacteria voltaica y del sistema telegrafico que propuso Alexander Bain para analizar el funcionamiento del sistema nervioso (la ultima tambien empleada por Ferdinand von Helmholtz, Hippolyte Taine y William Carpenter); la metafora de la maquina de Francis Bacon para su estudio de la energia de la mente; la metafora del molino y su conceptualizacion hidrodinamica en Henry Maudsley; la metafora de la combustion interna de los motores desarrollada por Gustav Fechner para explicar la generacion de la actividad subjetiva del cerebro; o la metafora de los centros de inhibicion que David Ferrier aplicaria al estudio de los movimientos intencionales y George Henry Lewes al de la neuralidad, entre otras.
Eliot controlled her public image in part through the gatherings she and her partner, George Henry Lewes, held in their home, known as the Priory.
McCormack demonstrates how, in the last decade of her life, Evans was able to use her travels and the salons that she and George Henry Lewes held at their home to become known to a wide circle of literary figures and intellectuals.
This study examines statements Eliot and Whitman made about one another, and considers the interrelationships of the people they knew in order to demonstrate that Eliot and her domestic partner George Henry Lewes played significant roles in Whitman's British reception.
Romola is such a thoroughly researched work that her life partner, George Henry Lewes, confided to the publisher his fear that Eliot was writing an encyclopedia rather than a novel.
During the heyday of the Victorian literary and musical salon era, salons held by George Eliot and George Henry Lewes in 1870s London were attended by people from all walks of life, including gays and lesbians, singers, and musicians.
Conscious of the hard work, perseverance, possible poverty, courage, and renunciation of popular applause necessary to success (15)--of" the arduousness and difficulties of a career so facile in imagination," which George Henry Lewes saw George Eliot emphasizing in Daniel Deronda (Letters, VI:193)--she had no advice for aspiring women except what she constantly told herself: work hard; constantly exert more effort.
Garrison posits that reviewers were influenced by two earlier works on physiology by Alexander Bain and George Henry Lewes that discussed physical responses to external stimuli.
5) George Henry Lewes (1817-1878), filosofo positivista ingles de la epoca victoriana que fue un acerrimo critico de las ideas de Darwin.
H Auden, Edith Wharton, George Henry Lewes (the most percipient literary critic of the Victorian age), and Willa Cather, among others, but then perhaps the collection would have poached on the territory of B.