George II


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George II

, king of Great Britain and Ireland
George II (George Augustus), 1683–1760, king of Great Britain and Ireland (1727–60), son and successor of George I. Though devoted to Hanover, of which he was elector, George was more active in the English government than his father had been. Caroline of Ansbach (whom he married in 1705), through the subtle influence she exerted over him, furthered the ascendancy of the great Whig minister, Sir Robert Walpole. The early part of his reign was peaceful and notably prosperous. However, just as George had quarreled with his father over personal matters, so Frederick Louis, prince of Wales, was strongly at odds with the king and became nominal head of the opposition group that ousted Walpole in 1742. In the War of the Austrian Succession, George led his troops in person at the battle of Dettingen (1743)—the last time a British monarch did so. In 1745–46 the last uprising of the Jacobites was suppressed. England was expanding as a commercial and colonial power and clashed with France in India and in America (see French and Indian Wars) as well as in Europe in the complex struggle known as the Seven Years War (1756–63). The principal ministers after the fall of Walpole were Henry Pelham, his brother, Thomas Pelham-Holles, duke of Newcastle, and William Pitt, later earl of Chatham, the architect of England's victory in the Seven Years War. George was succeeded by his grandson George III.

Bibliography

See J. H. Plumb, The First Four Georges (1956); B. Williams, The Whig Supremacy, 1714–60 (2d ed. 1962); H. Walpole, Memoirs of King George II: The Yale Edition of Horace Walpole's Memoirs (ed. by J. Brooke, 1985).


George II

, king of Greece
George II, 1890–1947, king of the Hellenes (1922–23, 1935–47), successor and eldest son of King Constantine I. When Constantine I was forced by the Allies to abdicate in 1917, George, also suspected of being pro-German, was passed over in favor of his younger brother Alexander, who succeeded to the Greek throne. Later, however, George succeeded Constantine I, who had been restored (1920) and again deposed (1922). Hostility to the dynasty was such, however, that George was compelled to leave Greece in 1923; a plebiscite shortly afterward established a republic. George spent his exile in Romania and later in London. Restored to his throne in 1935, King George allowed his premier, John Metaxas, to set up (1936) a dictatorship. After the conquest of Greece by Germany and Italy in World War II, George fled (1941) his country. He spent most of his exile in London. When Greece was liberated (1944) the question of the king's return was a major issue in the Greek civil war that began in Dec., 1944. George returned only in 1946, after a plebiscite had decided in favor of the monarchy. Although strongly backed by Great Britain and the United States, King George's government and army failed to defeat the rebels, and civil war continued after George's death, when his brother Paul succeeded him.
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George II

1. 1683--1760, king of Great Britain and Ireland and elector of Hanover (1727--60); son of George I. His victory over the French at Dettingen (1743) in the War of the Austrian Succession was the last appearance on a battlefield by a British king
2. 1890--1947, king of Greece (1922--24; 1935--47). He was overthrown by the republicans (1924) and exiled during the German occupation of Greece (1941--45)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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Frederick's cousin George III ascended the throne following George II's death in 1760.
3), and George II or more probably, Queen Caroline, purchased Holbein's Sir Henry Guildford (1527; Fig.
As the last British monarch born on foreign soil, George II played a dual role in Europe, ruling Hanover as prince-elector and reigning in Britain as king.
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The book promises a 'secret history' of the court servants at Kensington Palace depicted by William Kent in his 1726 painting of the King's Grand Staircase, but also delivers an intimate portrait of the palace's royal inhabitants, George I, Prince Augustus (later George II) and the latter's canny wife, Caroline.
What the American Founders revolted against under the reign of Britain's King George III, Yoo and like-minded pseudo-conservatives seek to restore under the reign of America's King George II.
A new commander sent by British King George II openly criticizes him, and he is demoted to captain.
Gingerich finds that copies were once on the shelves of such people as John Maynard Keynes and Saint Aloysius Gonzaga, as well as King George II of England and the philosopher Giordano Bruno.
What happens when you get drafted to fight in King George II's holy war for oil and blessed crusade to expand the US Empire?
About 125 students, ages 11 to 16, attend the lower school, housed in a beautiful old building that was a hunting lodge built for King George II. It is a boarding facility, with a five-year curriculum combining dance studies with academic work.
First, the Bush Administration, and, yeah, I mean both George I and George II, say: "No, no, no.
In 1715 he went to England and became the Italian teacher in the family of the Prince of Wales (later George II).