George IV


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George IV,

1762–1830, king of Great Britain and Ireland (1820–30), eldest son and successor of George III. In 1785 he married Maria Anne FitzherbertFitzherbert, Maria Anne,
1756–1837, wife of George, Prince of Wales (later George IV). He was her third husband. The marriage (1785) was illegal by the terms of the Royal Marriage Act (1772) and the Act of Settlement (1701), since the prince was under age and Mrs.
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, a Roman Catholic. The marriage was illegal, however; and in 1795, to secure parliamentary settlement of his enormous debts, he made a political marriage with Caroline of BrunswickCaroline of Brunswick,
1768–1821, consort of George IV of England. The daughter of Charles William Ferdinand, duke of Brunswick, she married George (then prince of Wales) in 1795.
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. In constant and open opposition to his father, George associated closely with the Whigs, particularly Charles James FoxFox, Charles James,
1749–1806, British statesman and orator, for many years the outstanding parliamentary proponent of liberal reform. He entered Parliament in 1768 and served as lord of the admiralty (1770–72) and as lord of the treasury (1772–74) under
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, whose friend he became in 1781. As a result, when George III had his first serious fit of insanity in 1788–89, the Tory William PittPitt, William,
1759–1806, British statesman; 2d son of William Pitt, 1st earl of Chatham. Trained as a lawyer, he entered Parliament in 1781 and in 1782 at the age of 23 became chancellor of the exchequer under Lord Shelburne.
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 proposed that the regency vested in the prince be closely restricted (to prevent George bringing his Whig friends to power), while Fox, usually the opponent of royal prerogative, wanted the prince to have unlimited powers as regent. In 1811, after the king had become permanently incapacitated, George became regent on terms very similar to those proposed by Pitt in 1788. However, when the limitations on his power to make appointments and spend crown revenues were removed in 1812, the prince regent retained most of his father's ministers, breaking his connection with the Whigs. The Tories, under the leadership of the 2d earl of LiverpoolLiverpool, Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2d earl of,
1770–1828, English statesman. He was elected to Parliament as a Tory in 1790 and succeeded his father to the peerage in 1808.
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 for most of the period, remained entrenched in power throughout the regency and George's subsequent reign. As regent and as king, George was hated for his extravagance and dissolute habits, and he aroused particular hostility by an unsuccessful attempt, immediately after his accession (1820) to the throne, to divorce his long-estranged wife, Caroline. During his reign the monarchy lost a significant amount of power. George's only legitimate child, Charlotte Augusta, married (1816) Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg (later Leopold I, king of the Belgians) but died in childbirth in 1817. George was succeeded by his brother William IV. See RegencyRegency,
in British history, the period of the last nine years (1811–20) of the reign of George III, when the king's insanity had rendered him unfit to rule and the government was vested in the prince of Wales (later George IV) as regent.
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.

Bibliography

See biographies by R. Fulford (rev. ed. 1949, repr. 1963) and C. Hibbert (2 vol., 1974–75); S. David, Prince of Pleasure (1999).

George IV

1762--1830, king of Great Britain and Ireland and also of Hanover (1820--30); regent (1811--20). His father (George III) disapproved of his profligate ways, which undermined the prestige of the crown, and of his association with the Whig opposition
References in periodicals archive ?
The place names King George Bay (Bransfield chart 1820), and King George Island (Fildes chart 1821) were applied for George IV.
OF THOSE appalling Dee with cost Welsh money to idea who hope they Pollution doesn't While elsewhere he wrote scornfully of George IV, this is a fond look back to the golden days of the pre-railway age.
? Views of Eston, top left - a black and white postcard from the 1920s gives a view of Eston showing the chapel and the George IV public house; Top right - the chapel in the foreground stood on the corner of Church Lane and the High Street; above - Eston Institute before the clock was installed; Right - Eston Nab and mines; Left - Christ Church when it was still surrounded by farmland
By 1827, George IV was on the throne and his last registered silks were crimson body, gold lace, purple sleeves and black cap, while Queen Victoria introduced the velvet cap during her reign from 1837 to 1901.
Tom is a regular Back Room man having played there during the autumn festival at the George IV and on several of the monthly gigs.
De Bellaigue cites the moving tribute paid by the French to Quentin Craufurd (a Scot resident in Paris from whom George IV made some significant purchases), who is described as 'une espece de phenomene' [a sort of phenomenon] for his strong attachment to France and understanding of its culture and history--words that could equally well describe the author.
Prinny and his pals; George IV and his remarkable gift of friendship.
Dear Aunt of Geroge Hynes III and his wife Heidi of Ayer, Sharon Hynes of GA, Timothy Hynes and his wife Nancy of Pepperell, and Great Aunt of Phoebe, George IV, and Emma Jan Hynes.
To do this she first describes the reigns of George IV (as Regent and King) and of William IV.
OCTOBER 20-21 Brighton's Royal Pavilion turns back the clock to 1823 as its founder "King George IV" presides over music and dancing.
ON THE SUNNY JUNE DAY in 1830 when George IV (who had been king since 1820) died, Ton] Moore, the poet, wrote:
In 1823, Brighton's notoriety was sealed when George IV's enormous (and very camp) Royal Pavilion was completed, a palace that would become an accessible love nest for his innumerable trysts with both men and women.