George Kennan

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kennan, George


Born Feb. 16, 1845, in Norwalk, Ohio, USA; died May 10, 1924. American journalist.

Kennan made frequent trips to Russia. In 1885–86 he inspected the convict prisons and places where Russian revolutionaries were exiled in Siberia. In a two-volume work (Siberia and the Exile System, 1891; in Russian, Siberia and Exile, 1906) and lectures delivered in the USA and Great Britain he gave a true description of the intolerable conditions in which political exiles lived. His book was translated into all the European languages and made a great impression on American and European public opinion. Kennan hailed the overthrow of the Russian autocracy and spoke out against the armed intervention in Soviet Russia.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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A character-driven narrative, the book revives some of the grandmasters of American post-war diplomacy and in that sense provides an important accompaniment to recent scholarly biographies of George Kennan, Dean Acheson, and Arthur Vandenberg.
He did, however, make at least one exception with respect to the latter--his friend George Kennan. After reading the first volume of Kennan's memoirs, he jotted down some notes that he seems to have included in one of his letters to the famous diplomat/writer.
Crowder unearths doggerel by Field Marshal Wavell scribbled en route to Moscow: 'I cannot think my news will go down well/...will Stalin use Caucasian oaths and yell?' And the US ambassador to Moscow George Kennan's moving lines: 'Fortune's mild and patient claimant/ has heard the rustling of the Time-God's raiment/ and has contrived to touch the gleaming hem.'
At the end of World War II two documents namely the Long Telegram by George Kennan and NSC 68 by Paul Nitze helped identify the challenge ahead.
Kennan's distant relative, George Kennan, who explored and surveyed Siberia in the latter half of the 19th century.
Furthermore, Allison appears dumbfounded by Barack Obama's assertion that he "didn't really even need George Kennan" (237).
One of America's great diplomats was the late George Kennan, who coined a and mostly even defined a the iconic policy of "containment" as the needed antidote to the poison of the former Soviet Union.
"A Force So Swift" chronicles these epic changes through the eyes of a star-studded cast that includes President Harry Truman, the diplomat George Kennan, United States Representative Walter Judd, Gen.
He summoned George Kennan on April 29 and asked him to gather a group immediately to recommend policies to save Europe.
"To the best of my knowledge, George Kennan was the last US ambassador to USSR/Russia to be banned from travelling there." Moscow declared Kennan persona non grata in 1952.
"The main element of any US policy towards the Soviet Union must be that of a longterm, patient but firm and vigilant containment," the US diplomat George Kennan wrote in 1947 in a Foreign Affairs article, famously signed "X." Replace "Soviet Union" with "Russia," and Kennan's "containment policy" makes perfect sense today.
The inherent limits of American power would seem to suggest that a "strongpoint" containment strategy, which analysts such as George Kennan gradually gravitated toward in the early Cold War period, would be more pragmatic.