George Catlett Marshall

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Marshall, George Catlett

 

Born Dec. 31, 1880, in Uniontown, Pa.; died Oct. 16, 1959, in Washington D.C. American statesman and military figure; general of the army (1944).

After graduating from the Virginia Military Institute in 1901, Marshall served with American forces in the Philippines, Europe, China, and the USA. He was chief of staff of the US Army from 1939 to 1945. He participated in the major international conferences of World War II (1939-45), including those at Tehran, Yalta, and Potsdam. From 1945 to 1947 he was President H. Truman’s special representative in China. As US secretary of state from 1947 to 1949, Marshall was one of the architects of cold war policy; he actively participated in drawing up the Truman Doctrine and the program of American “aid” to the Western European countries that was named after him. After serving as secretary of defense in 1950-51, he left active government and political life.

References in periodicals archive ?
So, ladies and gentlemen, how did a man named George Marshall come to give a speech that so eloquently articulated the principles underpinning today's international order?
It may have been longer than Roosevelt predicted, but most people do not know much about George Marshall except for some vague notion of the Marshall Plan.
In the 1970s George Marshall gave his collection to the Postgraduate Education Centre at Ronkswood.
Named after its architect US secretary of state George Marshall, the original Marshall Plan was launched by the US in 1947 to rebuild Western Europe after the Second World War.
When, at the end of World War II, George Marshall received word that Germany had surrendered, he put on his best uniform and visited Harry Truman.
Stuart describes the significant roles played by presidents Franklin Roosevelt, Harry Truman, and Dwight Eisenhower; secretaries of state George Marshall and Dean Acheson; Secretary of Defense James Forrestal; Congressman Carl Vinson; policy adviser Ferdinand Eberstadt; and Pendleton Herring.
30 (Petra) -- The Royal Jordanian National Defense College in cooperation with George Marshall Center for Security Studies organized a conference on exploration of dimensions in facing ideological support for terrorism and ideological temptation for extremism.
Partners in Command: George Marshall and Dwight Eisenhower in War and Peace.
The event is designed as a contra and square dance, with live calling done by George Marshall from the band.
Their adventures take an extra turn for the fearsome when they eavesdrop on a conversation between estate owner John Blackhall and General George Marshall about the atomic bomb
Melanie George Marshall (D-Bear/Newark), on her vote to ban the nonexistent practice of "Internet hunting," in which sportsmen theoretically use webcams to kill animals remotely, quoted in The Walt Street Journal, August 10