George Mercer Dawson

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dawson, George Mercer


Born Aug. 1, 1849, in Pictou, Canada; died Mar. 2, 1901, in Ottawa. Canadian geologist, geographer, and traveler. Investigated the western regions of Canada, British Columbia, and the Canadian Rockies.

In 1878, Dawson explored the upper reaches of the Fraser River. From 1880 to 1882 he conducted a geological survey of the Bow and Belly rivers and from 1882 to 1884, of various western parts of the Rocky Mountains. In 1895 he became director of the Canadian Geological Survey. A city at the mouth of the Klondike River in northwestern Canada and a mountain range in the upper reaches of the Yukon River have been named after him. Dawson also investigated Vancouver Island and the Queen Charlotte Islands. In 1887-88 he headed an expedition for the geological-geographical study of the Yukon in northwestern Canada.


On the Superficial Geology of British Columbia. London, 1878.
The Mineral Wealth of British Columbia. Montreal, 1889.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
George Mercer Dawson was employed by the Geological Survey of Canada.
That is George Mercer Dawson. He was a great geologist in the late 1800s
Braun traces this dislocation to the work of early geological surveyors, as exemplified by the work of George Mercer Dawson in the late nineteenth century.
His son, George Mercer Dawson, also an important Canadian scientist, is also missing a biography, a popular one published in 1974 by Joyce Barkhouse; it is also held in the University of Toronto Library.