Monck, George, 1st duke of Albemarle

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Monck or Monk, George, 1st duke of Albemarle,

1608–70, English soldier and politician. He took part (1625) in the disastrous expedition against Cádiz and fought against the Spanish in the Netherlands. After service in the Bishops' WarsBishops' Wars,
two brief campaigns (1639 and 1640) of the Scots against Charles I of England. When Charles attempted to strengthen episcopacy in Scotland by imposing (1637) the English Book of Common Prayer, the Scots countered by pledging themselves in the National Covenant
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, he was given a command in Ireland and was there when the English civil warEnglish civil war,
1642–48, the conflict between King Charles I of England and a large body of his subjects, generally called the "parliamentarians," that culminated in the defeat and execution of the king and the establishment of a republican commonwealth.
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 began (1642). He returned to England to fight for Charles I, was captured (1644) at Nantwich, and was not released until 1646. He gained the confidence of Parliament and was commissioned to help subdue the Irish rebellion. In 1650 he accompanied Oliver CromwellCromwell, Oliver
, 1599–1658, lord protector of England. Parliamentary General

The son of a gentry family, he entered Cambridge in 1616 but probably left the next year.
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 to Scotland and in 1651 was left to complete the subjugation of the Scots. In 1652 he became a general of the fleet in the first of the Dutch WarsDutch Wars,
series of conflicts between the English and Dutch during the mid to late 17th cent. The wars had their roots in the Anglo-Dutch commercial rivalry, although the last of the three wars was a wider conflict in which French interests played a primary role.
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, and in 1654 he resumed his command in Scotland, which he held until 1660. Monck believed in the supremacy of civil authority over the military, and when the Protectorate of Richard CromwellCromwell, Richard,
1626–1712, lord protector of England; third son of Oliver Cromwell. He was the eldest surviving son at the death of his father (Sept. 3, 1658), who had nominated him as his successor.
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 collapsed (1659), he supported the reassembled Rump Parliament (what remained of the Long Parliament after Pride's Purge of 1648) against the army under Gen. John LambertLambert, John,
1619–83, English parliamentary general. He fought in the first civil war (1642–46) and assisted Henry Ireton in drawing up the Heads of the Proposals in 1647.
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. Having marched (1660) on London and seized control, however, he ordered the Rump to fill its vacant seats and then dissolve itself prior to the election of a "free" Parliament. Monck was an effective diplomat as well as an able soldier. In the next months he applied himself to the delicate task of reconciling the army (largely republican) to growing public sympathy for a restoration of the Stuart monarchy. Following the election of the strongly royalist Convention Parliament, he finally declared openly for the RestorationRestoration,
in English history, the reestablishment of the monarchy on the accession (1660) of Charles II after the collapse of the Commonwealth (see under commonwealth) and the Protectorate.
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 of Charles II, convinced that it was the only alternative to anarchy. Acting on Monck's advice, Charles issued the Delcaration of Breda, and Monck secured an invitation for Charles to return. After the Restoration, honors were heaped upon Monck: he was appointed gentleman of the bedchamber, privy councillor, master of the horse, and commander of all military forces; created duke of Albemarle; and granted estates and a pension. In 1666 he shared with Prince Rupert command of the fleet in the second Dutch War. He was left in charge of London at the time of the great plague (1665) and the great fire (1666).
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Formed as George Monck's Regiment as part of the New Model Army by order of Cromwell, after aiding the restoration of the monarchy in 1660, they were re-formed as Royal Troops in the Lord General's Regiment of Foot Guards.
In 1660 General George Monck was instrumental in the restoration of the monarchy and the parade was an extension of the tradition of loyalty to the Crown.
In 1660 General George Monck was instrumental in the restoration of the monarchy and yesterday's parade was an extension of the tradition of loyalty to the Crown.
He was met at the quayside by General George Monck (1608-70), whose intervention in English politics at the start of the year had triggered the series of events that had led to the king's return.
The charity march, which commemorates the march to Parliament by 6,000 men of Oliver Cromwell's New Model Army, commanded by General George Monck, 350 years ago.
In Scotland, Lord Broghill also had trouble, though of a different nature, with his military commander-in-chief, George Monck. In Wales, as Lloyd Bowen reminds us, the Commission for the Propagation of the Gospel was deeply unpopular, yet no project was closer to the protector's heart.
The centrality of London to the fall of the Rump in 1659-60 is asserted against traditional interpretations that focus on actions of the parliamentary general George Monck. The failed attempts in 1672-73 to provide either religious toleration through royal indulgence or religious comprehension by means of parliamentary statute are reconsidered in order to clarify the apparently contradictory support of dissenters for the exercise of the royal prerogative and the importance of antipopery to the derailing of these efforts.
In a few days, he decided to summon to London General George Monck. Monck left his command of the assembling fleet to lead law enforcement and emergency sheltering.
As well as more obvious subjects (Montgomery, Lord Kitchener, Duke of Wellington et al), Urban looks at relatively unknown commanders such as Civil War figure George Monck and William Howe, who commanded British forces during the American War of Independence.
Informative and entertaining presentation led by a 17th century soldier who tells of life under Oliver Cromwell's Commander of Scotland General George Monck.
He left a daughter, Jane, who married Sir Edward Hungerford, a baronet impoverished by the Civil War, who sold the Wembury estate in 1686 for eleven thousand pounds to the Devon-born General George Monck (1608-70), Duke of Albemarle.
Longford firm Subsea Explorer said data from an in depth survey of the River Tay, near Dundee, had helped pinpoint potential sites for the location of General George Monck's fleet of treasure-laden ships.