George Moore


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Moore, George,

1852–1933, English author, b. Ireland. As a young man he lived in Paris, studying at various art schools. Inspired by Zola, Flaubert, Turgenev, and the 19th-century French realists, Moore turned to writing, publishing his first novel, A Modern Lover, in 1883. A Mummer's Wife (1885), in portraying the degradation of a woman through alcohol, introduced naturalismnaturalism,
in literature, an approach that proceeds from an analysis of reality in terms of natural forces, e.g., heredity, environment, physical drives. The chief literary theorist on naturalism was Émile Zola, who said in his essay Le Roman expérimental
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 into the Victorian novel. Moore's most famous novel, Esther Waters (1894), poignantly relates the poverty and hardships valiantly endured by a religious girl. Included among his other works are the novels Confessions of a Young Man (1888), Evelyn Innes (1898), Sister Teresa (1901), The Brook Kerith (1916), and Héloise and Abelard (1921); and the volumes of short stories Celibates (1895) and The Untilled Field (1903), the latter reminiscent of Dostoevsky. About 1900, Moore returned to Ireland and became associated with William Butler Yeats, George Russell (A. E.), and others in the Irish literary renaissanceIrish literary renaissance,
late 19th- and early 20th-century movement that aimed at reviving ancient Irish folklore, legends, and traditions in new literary works. The movement, also called the Celtic renaissance, was in part the cultural aspect of a political movement that was
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. His famous three-volume semiautobiographical work, Hail and Farewell (1911–14), is a highly entertaining account of his experiences in Ireland.

Bibliography

See his letters, ed. by H. E. Gerber (1968); biographies by S. L. Mitchell (1916), J. Hone (1936, repr. 1973), and A. Frazier (2000); studies by J. Egleson (1973), R. A. Cave (1978), J. E. Dunleavy, ed. (1983), and J. Egleson, ed. (1983).

Moore, George

 

Born Feb. 24, 1852, in County Mayo, Ireland; died Jan. 21, 1933, in London. Irish writer.

The son of a landowner, Moore studied painting in London and Paris. His first novels, A Modem Lover (1883) and A Mummer’s Wife (1885), and the autobiographical novella Confessions of a Young Man (1888) are written in a naturalistic manner. The novels A Drama in Muslin (1886; Russian translation, 1887) and Esther Waters (1894; Russian translation, 1895) deal with social problems. The short-story collection The Untilled Field (1903), the novel The Lake (1905), and the autobiographical trilogy Hail and Farewell (1911–14) are about life in Ireland. Moore’s short stories show the influence of I. S. Turgenev, with whom Moore was acquainted.

WORKS

Works [vols. 1–20]. London, 1936–37.
Letters to Lady Cunard: 1895–1933. London, 1957.
In Russian translation:
Potustoronnie iskaniia. Moscow, 1904.

REFERENCES

Istoriia angliiskoi literatury, vol. 3. Moscow, 1958.
Hone, J. The Life of G. Moore. New York, 1936.
Brown, M. G. Moore: A Reconsideration. Seattle, Wash., 1955.
Cunard, N. Memories of G. Moore. London, 1956.
Williams, I. A. G. Moore: A Bibliography. London, 1921.
Noël, J. C. G. Moore. Paris, 1966. (Bibliography, pp. 553–647.)
Gilcher, E. A Bibliography of G. Moore. Dekalb, 111., 1970.

A. P. SARUKHANIAN

References in periodicals archive ?
The FFA side featured seven players from Loughbborough's own Woodbrook Vale School in George Moore, Sam Crabtree, Ben Eames, Declan Warren, Dan Warren, AJ Korpal and Ollie Burnett.
Lady Gregory had more to do with that reworking than Yeats would ultimately give her credit for, and it was she, along with Douglas Hyde, who had helped him write the original draft, in about two weeks' time--the haste being brought about by the souring of Yeats's relationship with fellow writer George Moore.
Nearest the pin side contests on holes 12 and 16 were won by George Moore and Dena Wales, respectively.
NORTHERN trainer George Moore, 63, had no luck with his final runner before retirement when Wolf Shield finished last in the race won by Night Of Milan at Doncaster yesterday.
ACCOMPLISHED dual-purpose trainer George Moore is preparing to retire after nearly five decades in the sport.
The book offers chapter-length studies of each writer: Benjamin Disraeli, Charles Dickens, William Makepeace Thackeray, George Eliot, Thomas Hardy, Anthony Trollope, and George Moore.
Early Life: Roger George Moore was born on October 14, 1927, in Stockwell, London, the only child of a policeman.
Scholarship on Irish writer George Moore (1852-1933) has gained momentum in recent years, and this book arose from the second international George Moore conference held at the U.
In their high-visibility orange jackets, the crooks all helped pay back their debt to society by clearing the snow and packed ice from outside George Moore Court, in Hedgecroft, Thornton.
George Moore, head of the hand tools division, said it was not economic to run this small unit.
She was preceded in death by three brothers, Nazere, Abraham, and George Moore, as well as three sisters, Jamela Karakey, Jeanne and Juliette Moore.
Northumberland Plate runner-up Macorville will go for the totesport Ebor after trainer George Moore decided against an outing in the Shergar Cup at Ascot this weekend.