Cook, Sir John and Lady Jane Franklin, Sir Francis Leopold McClintock, Sir George Nares
, Sir William Edward Parry, Sir James Clark Ross, and John Rae.
'Packed multitudes occupied each pier and jetty on both sides of the harbour,' wrote the expedition's captain, George Nares
, describing how 'the air rang with the shouts of spectators on shore and on board the steamers'.
As stated in the account by Sir George Nares
in Apollonio's book (p.
Nares Papers, Correspondence 1867-1877, Memorandum to the officers and ships' company, HMS Alert at Floeberg Beach, from Captain George Nares
, 16 June 1876.
The legacies of these two expeditions, along with earlier visits by George Nares
aboard HMS Discovery during the British Arctic Expedition (1875) and later stopovers by explorers like Godfred Hansen (1919), have left behind a great deal of material culture.
At this site, members of the British Arctic Expedition under the command of George Nares had discovered seams of coal during their wintering in the area between 1875 and 1876.
During the British Arctic Expedition, Sir George Nares had brought his two ships, HMS Alert and HMS Discovery, through the Kane Basin and Kennedy Channel to northern Ellesmere Island and the edge of the Polar Basin.
Edward Lawton Moss, accompanying Captain George Nares
and other members of the British Arctic Expedition, climbed to the top of the southern plateau of Washington Irving Island off the entrance to Dobbin Bay on the east coast of Ellesmere Island.
The author has provided the most succinct account yet of these early explorations, covering the fine seamanship of Edward Inglefield, Elisha Kent Kane, Isaac Israel Hayes, Charles Francis Hall, and Sir George Nares
. The Americans made limited use of Inughuit guides and dogs to extend their travel, but not Nares, the first to reach the shore of the Arctic Ocean in his ship Alert, whose gallant sailors deserved better than the brutal drudgery of man-hauling while discovering a vast extent of new land.