George Strong Nares

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nares, George Strong


Born Apr. 24, 1831, in Aberdeen; died Jan. 15, 1915, in Surbiton, near London. English navigator, oceanographer, and explorer of the western arctic. Corresponding member of the Royal Society (1875); vice admiral (1892).

Nares took part in H. Kellett’s second arctic expedition in 1852–54. He commanded the corvette Challenger from 1872 to 1874. In 1875 he led an arctic expedition on two ships and entered Lincoln Sea for the first time on one of them, the Alert. Sled teams of the expedition discovered the northern shore of Ellesmere Island, the coastal Challenger Mountains, and the northwestern coast of Greenland, in particular Wulffs Land.


Narrative of a Voyage to the Polar Sea During 1875–76, vols. 1–2. London, 1878.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cook, Sir John and Lady Jane Franklin, Sir Francis Leopold McClintock, Sir George Nares, Sir William Edward Parry, Sir James Clark Ross, and John Rae.
As stated in the account by Sir George Nares in Apollonio's book (p.
Nares Papers, Correspondence 1867-1877, Memorandum to the officers and ships' company, HMS Alert at Floeberg Beach, from Captain George Nares, 16 June 1876.
The legacies of these two expeditions, along with earlier visits by George Nares aboard HMS Discovery during the British Arctic Expedition (1875) and later stopovers by explorers like Godfred Hansen (1919), have left behind a great deal of material culture.
At this site, members of the British Arctic Expedition under the command of George Nares had discovered seams of coal during their wintering in the area between 1875 and 1876.
During the British Arctic Expedition, Sir George Nares had brought his two ships, HMS Alert and HMS Discovery, through the Kane Basin and Kennedy Channel to northern Ellesmere Island and the edge of the Polar Basin.
Edward Lawton Moss, accompanying Captain George Nares and other members of the British Arctic Expedition, climbed to the top of the southern plateau of Washington Irving Island off the entrance to Dobbin Bay on the east coast of Ellesmere Island.
The author has provided the most succinct account yet of these early explorations, covering the fine seamanship of Edward Inglefield, Elisha Kent Kane, Isaac Israel Hayes, Charles Francis Hall, and Sir George Nares. The Americans made limited use of Inughuit guides and dogs to extend their travel, but not Nares, the first to reach the shore of the Arctic Ocean in his ship Alert, whose gallant sailors deserved better than the brutal drudgery of man-hauling while discovering a vast extent of new land.