George Richards Minot

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Minot, George Richards

Minot, George Richards (mīˈnət), 1885–1950, American physician and pathologist, b. Boston, M.D. Harvard, 1912. From 1928 to 1948 he was professor of medicine at Harvard and director of the Thorndike Memorial Laboratory, Boston City Hospital. He specialized in diseases of the blood, and for his research on the value of liver in treating pernicious anemia he shared with W. P. Murphy and G. H. Whipple the 1934 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.


See biography by F. M. Rackemann (1956).

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Minot, George Richards


Born Dec. 2, 1885, in Boston; died Feb. 25, 1950, in Brooklyn. American specialist in pathophysiology and therapeutic hematology.

In 1912, Minot graduated from the medical school of Harvard University and became a professor at the university in 1928. His principal works were devoted to the pathophysiology and clinical treatment of anemic states. He developed a method called the liver treatment of malignant anemia, which stimulated research on the mechanism of development of this disease and led to the discovery of the “antipernicious” vitamin B12. For his development of the therapeutic use of liver, Minot (together with W. Murphy and G. H. Whipple) was awarded a Nobel Prize in 1934.


“Treatment of Pernicious Anemia by a Special Diet.” Journal of the American Medical Association, 1926, vol. 87, no. 7, pp. 470-76. (With W. P. Murphy.)
“Treatment of Pernicious Anemia With Liver Extract …” American Journal of the Medical Sciences, 1928, vol. 175, no. 5, pp. 599-622.


Kruif, P. de. Bor’ba so smert’iu. [Leningrad] 1936. (Translated from English.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.