George John Romanes

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Romanes, George John


Born May 20, 1848, in Kingston, Canada; died May 23, 1894, in Oxford. British naturalist.

Romanes attended Cambridge University and studied theology. He later became interested in medicine. In 1875 he conducted experimental studies on the physiology of the nervous system of such invertebrates as jellyfish, actiniae, and echino-derms. Romanes wrote on evolution and zoopsychology. In 1886 he proposed a hypothesis on physiological selection, which stressed the role of physiological isolation in the divergence of species; this hypothesis supplemented Darwin’s theory on natural selection. Romanes published works on the evolution of the mental abilities of animals.


In Russian translation:
Teoriia Ch. Darvina i vazhneishie iz ee primenenii. Moscow, 1899.
References in periodicals archive ?
Until the latter part of the 19th century, it was assumed that jellyfish (of all kinds) were simply passive masses of jelly, but in 1880, Darwin's young friend George Romanes was able to demonstrate that jellyfish had quite complex nervous systems, with upwards of 1,000 nerve cells.
George Mivart, from Alfred Russel Wallace to Aubrey Moore, from George Romanes to William Dawson (to mention but a few) read Darwin in divergent and even unexpected ways.
It was his protege, George Romanes, who gave the term wider currency by making "inverted anthropomorphism" his method in, "Animal Intelligence" (1884).