George Romney

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Romney, George

(rŏm`nē), 1734–1802, English portrait painter, b. Lancashire. Having had little early training, Romney went to London in 1762, where he rapidly became a popular and fashionable portrait painter. He studied in Italy (1773–75), and returned to England to rival ReynoldsReynolds, Sir Joshua,
1723–92, English portrait painter, b. Devonshire. Long considered historically the most important of England's painters, by his learned example he raised the artist to a position of respect in England.
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 in popularity. In 1783, Romney met Emma Hart, the future Lady HamiltonHamilton, Emma, Lady,
1765?–1815, mistress of the British naval hero Horatio Nelson. Born Emma Lyon, she became the mistress of Charles Greville, then of Sir William Hamilton, ambassador to Naples, whom she married (1791).
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, whom he painted many times as various historical figures. During his last years he gave up much of his portrait painting for literary subjects, such as Milton and His Daughters and Scene from "The Tempest" (for Boydell's Shakespeare Gall.). Romney's best portraits are ranked among the finest of the English school. His portraits of women are facile and charming, those of men more studied and impressive (e.g., Self-portrait, 1782; National Portrait Gall., London). He is well represented in the Frick Collection and the Metropolitan Museum, New York City, and the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.


See biography by his son J. Romney (1830); catalogue raisonné by T. H. Ward and W. Roberts (2 vol., 1904).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Romney, George


Born Dec. 15, 1734, in Dalton-in-Fur-ness, Lancashire; died Nov. 15, 1802, in Kendal, Westmorland. English painter and portraitist.

Romney worked in London and Kendal. He visited Paris in 1764, made an extended visit to Italy from 1773 to 1775, and visited Paris again in 1790. Romney was closer to classicism than the other English portraitists of the 18th century. He tended to idealize his subjects, employing smooth compositional rhythms and elegant forms, often modeled after ancient statues; however, his portraits lacked psychological depth (Earl Grey, 1784, Eton College).


Rump, G. C. George Romney, 1734–1802, vols. 1–2. Hildesheim, 1974.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Romney, George (Wilcken)

(1907–  ) businessman, governor, cabinet officer; born in Chihuahua, Mexico. Son of American Mormon missionaries, he came to the U.S.A. at age 5 and attended the University of Utah and George Washington University. He started as a salesman with the Aluminum Company in 1930, working his way over and up in the automobile industry, eventually becoming president and chairman of American Motors Corporation (1954–62). Chairman of Citizens for Michigan (1959–62), he organized a constitutional convention. As a moderate Republican governor of Michigan (1963–69) he supported civil rights legislation while putting the state on a sound financial basis. In 1964 he had refused to support the conservative Republican candidate, Barry Goldwater, and was regarded as the frontrunner for the Republican nomination in 1968 until he committed a gaffe by stating that the U.S. leaders in Vietnam tried to "brainwash" him. President Nixon nevertheless appointed him secretary of Housing and Urban Development (1969–73). He later headed the National Center for Voluntary Action and held high positions in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
George Romney's reputation just about outlived him, but it was a close-run thing.
Stories behind the pictures are revealed in Liverpool-based Alex Kidson's major new three-volume study George Romney, A Complete Catalogue of his Paintings (Yale University Press, PS180).
Throughout his own prolific career Opie has amassed art from the past including 17th and 18th century British portraiture by artists such as Joshua Reynolds and George Romney, together with Egyptian sculpture from the ancient world.
In July 1969, HUD Secretary George Romney appointed 43-year-old Woodward Kingman as deputy assistant secretary for mortgage credit at HUD, where he also served as deputy commissioner of the FHA-- and the first president of Ginnie Mae, a position he held until 1974.
Now 76, John has produced a characteristically free-swinging and self-deprecating memoir, Promoting Civil Society Among the Heathen, in which he recounts masterstrokes and misadventures while pushing measures to strengthen neighborhoods, small communities, and voluntary associations through such unlikely vessels as George Romney, Senator Charles Percy, and Ronald Reagan.
Soon after this photo was taken, AMC president George Romney (does his name sound familiar?) decided to try to make the company competitive with the other large car manufacturers, and stopped making big Hudsons.
Mitt was born into wealth and privilege in Detroit in 1947, the son of George Romney, who served as Michigan governor and chairman of American Motors.
His father, George Romney, was an automobile executive who later ran for president, ultimately losing the Republican nomination to Richard Nixon, and his mother, Lenore Romney, was a stay-at-home mother.
According to the Telegraph, neither had even ever heard of Romney until their grandson-in-law Simon Nash, an amateur genealogist, told them a few weeks ago that they were fourth cousins, after tracing a mutual link going back five generations to George Romney, who died in 1859 and was born in Dalton-in-Furness.
A Mormon by religion, Romney is the son of George Romney, chairman of American Motors Corporation (AMC), who also ran for the presidency in 1968.
In the next year, however, George Romney launched an ambitious program to overwhelm white resistance and integrate the suburbs--not by busing schoolchildren but by forcing suburbs to accept black residents.
Nearly one in five Americans, 18%, say they would not support a Mormon for president -- a sentiment that has been remarkably constant since George Romney was running for president in 1967.