George Shiras

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Shiras, George, Jr.

(1832–1924) Supreme Court justice; born in Pittsburgh, Pa. He spent 25 years at a private Pittsburgh law firm before President Benjamin Harrison named him to the U.S. Supreme Court (1892–1903).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
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Born in 1859 into wealth and political power -- his father was a Supreme Court justice; he served in Congress -- George Shiras III's long life spanned the Gilded Age, the Progressive Era, and the New Deal.
The historical use of automated cameras as a tool for the study of wildlife goes back some 125 years to the man considered the greatest pioneer of their use: an American, George Shiras III (Shiras 1906, 1913).
George Shiras was a seminal figure in the conservation movement, joining forces with his friend Theodore Roosevelt and others to set aside land for wildlife habitat, save endangered species, and create a new "fair chase" hunting ethic.
In 1903, George Shiras III, congressman from Ohio, took the first crack at gaining federal authority over waterfowl hunting, introducing "A Bill to Protect the Migratory Birds of the United States," which stated, "All wild geese and wild swans, brant, wild ducks, snipe, plover, woodcock, rail, wild pigeons, and all other migratory game birds which do not remain permanently the entire year within the borders of any State or Territory shall hereafter be deemed to be within the custody and protection of the Government of the United States."
This campaign started back in 1904, when B&C member Pennsylvania Congressman George Shiras III began an eleven-year crusade to place migratory birds under federal jurisdiction.