George Sutherland

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Sutherland, George,

1862–1942, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1922–38), b. Buckinghamshire, England. He was taken by his family to Springville, Utah from England in 1864. After studying law at the Univ. of Michigan, he was admitted (1883) to the bar, practiced law in Utah, and was (1896–1900) a member of the state senate. Sutherland then served in the U.S. House of Representatives (1901–2), and Senate (1905–17). His important decisions included Powell v. Alabama (1932), where he ruled that a conviction in the notorious Scottsboro CaseScottsboro Case.
In 1931 nine black youths were indicted at Scottsboro, Ala., on charges of having raped two white women in a freight car passing through Alabama. In a series of trials the youths were found guilty and sentenced to death or to prison terms of 75 to 99 years.
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 was unconstitutional, because the defendants had been deprived of a right to counsel. In Curtiss-Wright Export Corp. v. United States (1936), he found that the executive branch held certain powers in foreign affairs not dependent on congressional authorization. Sutherland is best remembered as a conservative who consistently voted against much of the New Deal social legislation that came before the court. He wrote Constitutional Power and World Affairs (1919).

Sutherland, George

(1862–1942) Supreme Court justice; born in Stony Stratford, Buckinghampshire, England. He came to the U.S.A. at age two. He was a member of Utah's first legislature (1896), the U.S. House of Representatives (Rep., Utah; 1901–03), and the Senate (Rep., Utah; 1905–17). President Harding named him to the U.S. Supreme Court (1922–38) where he frequently voted against New Deal measures.
References in periodicals archive ?
Islander George Sutherland lost PS13,250 after fraudsters hacked his email account when he was buying a new car.
George Sutherland, 68, said: "I was sitting in my garden on Sunday evening and smelled smoke and went out to investigate.
Don was proud of his family heritage and proudly displayed his Loyalist Certificate as a descendant of George Sutherland UE of Glengarry.
George Sutherland, now 92, told the Sunday Mirror: "My dad revealed it to me when he retired and I took his job.
Lamar Associate justice 1911-1916 Mahlon Pitney Associate justice 1912-1922 George Sutherland Associate justice 1922-1938 Stanley F.
America's belated and ill-prepared entry into World War I provoked George Sutherland to struggle with this dilemma first on the floor of the U.
1919), Russell Kirk (1918-1994), Frank Meyer (1909-1972), Felix Morley (1894-1982), Robert Nisbet (1913-1996), George Sutherland (1862-1942), William Riker (1920-1993), and Richard Weaver (1910-1963)--is, unfortunately, not inclusive; indeed, it suffers from obvious omissions.
On the other hand, justices perceived as hostile to the New Deal--specifically Willis Van Devanter, James McReynolds, George Sutherland, and Pierce Butler--have been systematically denigrated as the Four Horsemen.
George Sutherland, managing director of Condomania which manufactured the special contraceptives said: 'With the horrific rise in sexually transmitted infections it is vital that people are reminded about the importance of condom usage.
The President alone has the power to speak or listen as a representative of the nation," wrote Justice George Sutherland.
George Sutherland thought he was going to be a witness as friends renewed their vows - but bride-to-be Melanie had other plans.