George de Hevesy


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Hevesy, George de

 

(also Georg von Hevesy). Born Aug. 1, 1885, in Budapest; died July 5, 1966, in Freiburg, Federal Republic of Germany. Hungarian chemist. Honorary member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and foreign member of the Royal Society of London (1939).

In 1908, Hevesy graduated from the University of Budapest. He was a professor at the universities in Budapest (1918), Copenhagen (1920–26, 1934–43), Freiburg (1926–34), and Stockholm (1943).

In 1922, together with the scientist D. Coster, Hevesy discovered the chemical element hafnium. Together with F. Paneth (1913), he proposed the method of isotope tracers (tagged atoms) and was the first to use it in biological research. In 1936, Hevesy and the Hungarian chemist H. Levi were the first to make use of activation analysis.

Hevesy was awarded the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1943. In 1959 he received the international Atoms for Peace prize.

WORKS

Adventures in Radioisotope Research: The Collected Papers, vols. 1–2. Oxford, 1962.
In Russian translation:
Radioaktivnye indikatory, ikh primenenie v biokhimii, normal’noi fiziologii i patologicheskoi fiziologii cheloveka i zhivotnykh. Moscow, 1950.

REFERENCE

Mel’nikov, V. P. “Georg Kheveshi.” Zhurnal Vses. khimicheskogo obshchestva im. D. I. Mendeleeva, 1975, vol. 20, no. 6, p. 656.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Chemistry Nobelists Name Award Field Year Ernest Rutherford Disintegration of elements and chemistry 1908 of radioactive substances Marie Curie Discovery of radium and 1911 polonium Frederick Soddy Chemistry of radioactive 1921 substances and origin and nature of isotopes Francis Aston Discovery of isotopes of 1922 many elements by mass spectroscopy Harold Urey Discovery of heavy 1934 hydrogen Frederic Joliot & Synthesis of new radio- 1935 Irene Joliot-Curie active elements George de Hevesy Isotopes as tracers in 1943 chemical research Otto Hahn Discovery of atomic 1944 fission Glenn Seaborg & Discoveries of 1951 Edwin McMillan transuranium elements Willard Libby Development of radiocarbon dating 1960