Georges Bidault

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bidault, Georges


Born Oct. 5, 1899, in Moulins. French politician and statesman. History instructor by profession.

In the 1930’s, Bidault was editor in chief of the Catholic newspaper L’Aube, the organ of the Catholic party of popular democrats. From 1943 to August 1944 he was chairman of the National Council of Resistance. He was one of the founders (1944) and leaders of the Catholic party, the Popular Republican Movement (MRP). From 1946 to 1962 he was a deputy of the National Assembly. From September 1944 to July 1948 and from January 1953 to June 1954 he was minister of foreign affairs. He signed the Soviet-French (1944) and British-French (1947) treaties of alliance and mutual assistance. From June to November 1946 and from October 1949 to June 1950 he was premier. The activity of Bidault’s second cabinet was marked by an increase in repressions against strikers and by the enactment of a law providing severe penalties for activities in defense of peace (March 1950). In 1951 and 1952 he was minister of defense. Bidault came out as an active supporter of France’s participation in the 1948 Brussels Pact and in NATO and of the creation of the European Defense Community (1952). In the spring and summer of 1954 he stubbornly opposed the concluding of peace in Indochina.

In October 1959, Bidault, who was an advocate of the preservation of French rule in Algeria, headed the provisional executive bureau of the Association for French Algeria. In 1961, Bidault joined the leadership of the terrorist Secret Army Organization (OAS) and then headed the so-called National Council of Resistance which was connected with it. In July 1962, Bidault was stripped of parliamentary immunity by the National Assembly on a charge of “conspiracy against the security of the state,” after which he fled the country. In 1968 he was granted amnesty and returned to France.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The two countries began looking more to each other from 26 June 1947, when then Philippine Vice President and Secretary of Foreign Affairs Elpidio Quirino and French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault signed in Paris the Treaty of Friendship establishing diplomatic ties.
When, on 26 August 1944, de Gaulle marked his triumphant return with the historic walk down the Champs Elysees to receive the acclamation of the people of Paris, he was met at the Hotel de Ville by the National Council of the Resistance, led by Georges Bidault. Upon being asked by an exultant Bidault to proclaim that the Republic had been restored, de Gaulle famously replied, 'the Republic never ceased to exist'.
El programa fundacional lo redactan Georges Bidault y Henri-Irenee Marrou.
Le PCF ne s'est-il pas retrouve dans une coalition, avec, d'abord, des mouvements a referentiels religieux dans la Resistance, puis avec un parti franchement [beaucoup moins que]chretien[beaucoup plus grand que] : le M.R.P, dont une des figures de proue a ete Georges Bidault, au triste souvenir pour nous, Marocains, comme pour l'ensemble des peuples colonises a l'epoque ?
Truman administration officials during this period sparred frequently with Foreign Minister Georges Bidault (MRP), who pressed for increased U.S.
50 YEARS AGO: M Georges Bidault, former foreign minister and leader of the Popular Republican Party last night became France's third Premier designate in eighteen days.
On the OAS's terrorism, see Gros Vitalis (former police Prefect [chief] of Algiers), Le Temps de la Violence (Paris: Presses de la Cite, 1971), 204205; Paul Henissart, Les Combattants du Crepuscule (Paris: Grasset, 1970); Alain Jacob, D'Une Algerie a l'Autre (Paris: 1963); Georges Bidault (one of the OASs prominent leaders), D'Une Resistance a l'Autre (Paris: Les Presses du Siecle, 1965); the translated version by M.
After a listing of Averell Harriman's various positions, for example, Milward notes, "Although very rich, he worked very hard." My favorite was his dry description of the checkered career of Georges Bidault, a postwar French prime minister wbo was later accused of treason.
Succeeding Moulin as head of the Conseil National de la Resistance, Georges Bidault with other "social Catholics" formed the MRP, which became the largest party in the postwar coalition.
French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault once remarked, with pardonable hyperbole, that although Dulles liked to describe his policy as one of calculated risks, in practice, "he calculated a lot and risked nothing." Just so.