Georges Braque


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Braque, Georges

(zhôrzh bräk), 1882–1963, French painter. He joined the artists involved in developing fauvismfauvism
[Fr. fauve=wild beast], name derisively hurled at and cheerfully adopted by a group of French painters, including Matisse, Rouault, Derain, Vlaminck, Friesz, Marquet, van Dongen, Braque, and Dufy.
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 in 1905, and at l'Estaque c.1909 he was profoundly influenced by Cézanne. He met Picasso, and the two simultaneously explored form and structure with results that led to the development of cubismcubism,
art movement, primarily in painting, originating in Paris c.1907. Cubist Theory

Cubism began as an intellectual revolt against the artistic expression of previous eras.
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. In works such as the monumental Nude (1907–8; Cuttoli Coll., Paris) Braque exemplified the analytical phase of the movement with his keen sense of structure and orderly method of decomposing an object. In 1911 he introduced typographical letters into his canvases and soon began working in collagecollage
[Fr.,=pasting], technique in art consisting of cutting and pasting natural or manufactured materials to a painted or unpainted surface—hence, a work of art in this medium.
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. After World War I, in which he was badly wounded, Braque veered away from the angularity of early cubism and developed a more graceful, curvilinear style, predominantly painting still life. His works showed restraint and subtlety both in design and color (e.g., The Table, Pulitzer Coll., St. Louis). Braque is represented in leading galleries in Europe and the United States.

Bibliography

See his notebooks (tr. 1971); biography by A. Danchev (2005); studies by W. Hofmann (1961), E. B. Mullins (1969), and F. Ponge et al. (tr. 1971).

Braque, Georges

 

Born May 13, 1882, in Argenteuil; died Aug. 31, 1963, in Paris. French artist; studied in the fine-arts schools of Le Havre and Paris.

Beginning in 1905, Braque painted landscapes in the spirit of fauvism. Beginning in 1908 he came under the influence of P. Cézanne; this made him, along with P. Picasso, a founder of cubism. In almost monochromatic cubist compositions (Still Life of Musical Instruments, 1908; Woman With Guitar, 1913—National Museum of Modern Art, Paris), Braque strove for abstraction of form and variety of texture. He included bits of paper and wood in his paintings and added sand to them. After 1917, Braque gradually moved away from cubism and painted flat canvases of more varied color (still life’s, landscapes, and pictures with human figures), in which the line achieved an almost ornamental expressiveness and flexibility. Braque also worked as a graphic artist, sculptor, and theater artist.

REFERENCE

Hauert, R., and A. Verdet. Georges Braque. Geneva, 1956.
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A lo largo de casi cuatro meses, del 16 de septiembre de 2013 al pasado 6 de enero, el Grand Palais vibro con el eco poetico y a menudo metafisico de las obras de Georges Braque.
This article examines the politics, or rather the ethics, of the apparently apolitical but profoundly ethical artist Georges Braque, at a time of maximum ethical and political disturbance: the German occupation of France during World War II.
de Pogedaieff, Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque.
Mondrian traveled to Paris, where he met Georges Braque and other leading artists and was exposed to the abstracting qualities of cubism and the primary colors of fauvism.
The artist, Pablo Picasso, developed this unique system of breaking down objects into their basic geometric parts with French painter Georges Braque.
Picasso had an important, close relationship with Georges Braque "From the winter of 1908-1909 until Picasso saw Braque off on the train to WWI they worked together everyday, they were in each other's studios developing Cubism," says Walker.
For example, in the years just before World War I, artists Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque jointly created the style known as "cubism.
El frances Georges Braque llego al mundo con el amor al arte metido en los genes: tanto su abuelo como su padre --ambos socios propietarios de un negocio de decoracion-- fueron pintores mediocres, pero tenaces.
Like Georges Braque, his hometown friend and fellow Fauve, Dufy experimented with Cubism from 1907 on, utilizing flattened space and an emphasis on form.
The book describes the life that Toklas and Stein lead in Paris, including their at-homes with such artists, literary lions, and intellectuals as Pablo Picasso, Ernest Hemingway, Henri Matisse, and Georges Braque.
On show are loans from public and private collections from the UK and abroad including works held by Tate and mima of artists from across Europe and North America - from Georges Braque, Kurt Schwitters, Wassily Kandinsky through to Sam Francis, Sandra Blow, Ben Nicholson, Alfred Wallis and Mark Rothko.
With which art movement is Georges Braque associated?