George Marchais

(redirected from Georges Marchais)
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Marchais, George


Born June 7, 1920, in La Hoguette, Calvados Department. A leader of the French and international labor movement. The son of a worker.

Marchais worked as a lathe operator. During World War II, he spent a year doing forced labor in fascist Germany before he escaped. In 1947 he joined the French Communist Party (FCP). From 1954 to 1961 he was secretary of the FCP federation of Seine-Sud (Seine Department, Paris District). A candidate member of the Central Committee in 1956, he was elected a full member of the Central Committee and a candidate member of the Politburo of the FCP in 1959. In 1961, Marchais became a member of the Politburo and secretary of the Central Committee of the FCP. At the Nineteenth Congress of the FCP in 1970 he was elected the deputy general secretary of the party. At the Twentieth Congress of the FCP in 1972, he was elected general secretary of the party.

Marchais was active in working out the strategic and tactical decisions of the FCP adopted by the Plenum of the Central Committee at Champigny in 1968 (the manifesto ’Toward an Advanced Democracy and a Socialist France”) and subsequently by the Nineteenth through Twenty-second Congresses of the FCP. He headed the FCP delegation in negotiations with the Socialist Party for the development of a common government program of left-wing forces (1972). Since 1973, Marchais has been a deputy in the National Assembly of France.

Marchais took part in the International Meeting of Communist and Workers’ Parties held in Moscow in 1969. He was the leader of the FCP delegation that engaged in top-level negotiations in Moscow with a delegation of the CPSU (1971). The talks concluded with the adoption of a joint communique of the CPSU and FCP on July 3, 1971.

Marchais is the author of the book Democratic Challenge (1973).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus Gino Raymond examines the attempts by the French Communist Party, which cultivated a romanticised and rather selective version of its role in France's history, notably during the Occupation, to participate in the revival of a radical left in the form of the Front de Gauche, whose presidential election candidate of 2012, Jean-Luc Melenchon, came close to equalling the score of Georges Marchais in 1981.
The PCF still maintained that the Common Program was a fraud and presented Georges Marchais as its presidential candidate.
It is particularly difficult to understand why the PCF leadership under Georges Marchais has made so many stupid mistakes over the last two decades.
Their spokesman, Alain Lipietz (who, incidentally, has a chance of toppling Georges Marchais, the immovable General Secretary of the Communist Party, in a suburb of Paris), has red roots.
Francois Mitterrand did much more to bring the CP down to size, and Georges Marchais, taken here symbolically for the CP leadership as a whole, incomparably more.
The Eurocommunist summit of March 1977 appeared to confirm that a new direction was being taken by the PCF, due to the evident 'rapprochement' between Georges Marchais and his Spanish and Italian counterparts, Santiago Carrillo and Enrico Berlinguer.
D'ailleurs, il y a une belle citation qui m'a profondement marque, celle de Georges Marchais, l'ancien secretaire general du parti communiste francais, indiquant que [beaucoup moins que]le temps de vivre, c'est aussi le temps d'aimer[beaucoup plus grand que].
With 6.8 percent of the vote, Andre Lajoinie did not get half the percentage of his predecessor, Georges Marchais, in 1981.
Georges Marchais, re-elected as General Secretary, reaffirmed the wisdom of the party's current course.
Following that statement, leaders of pro-Moscow Communist parties trooped to Beijing, including France's Georges Marchais, and, most recently, East Germany's Erich Honecker, both staunch supporters of the Soviet line.