Georges Pompidou


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Pompidou, Georges

 

Born May 7, 1911, in Montboudif, Cantal Department; died Feb. 4, 1974, in Paris. French statesman and political figure.

Pompidou, whose parents were teachers, graduated from the Ecole Normale Supérieure in 1934 and that same year received a diploma from the Ecole Libre des Sciences Politiques. He wrote a number of works on the history of French literature. In 1935 he embarked on a teaching career, which was interrupted by his service as an infantry lieutenant in 1939–40, at the beginning of World War II. He resumed teaching and joined the French Resistance after the capitulation of France in 1940. In 1944 he was invited to serve as consultant on educational affairs on the personal staff of Charles De Gaulle, head of the provisional government. He later became one of De Gaulle’s closest associates and played an active role in the organization of the party Rally of the French People.

After De Gaulle’s temporary withdrawal from politics in 1953, Pompidou was employed by private companies; in 1954 he became a director of the Rothschild bank and served as the bank’s director general from 1956 to 1962. With De Gaulle’s return to power in 1958, Pompidou was nominated to head the cabinet. He helped draft the constitution of 1958 and was a member of the Constitutional Council from 1959 to 1962. He served as premier from 1962 to 1968 and paid an official visit to the Soviet Union in 1967. After De Gaulle resigned from the presidency in 1969, Pompidou was elected president of the French Republic.

As president, Pompidou basically continued De Gaulle’s foreign policy, which strove to maintain France’s independence of action in the international arena while maintaining friendly relations with the Western allies, as well as to reduce tensions and develop cooperation with the Soviet Union and other socialist countries. In the course of an official visit to the USSR in 1970, Pompidou signed a Soviet-French protocol, in which both countries pledged to consult with each other on important international matters. In 1971, during the official visit of the general secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, L. I. Brezhnev, Pompidou signed the Principles of Cooperation Between the USSR and France and a number of other political documents.

WORKS

Etudes sur “Britannicus.” Paris, 1944.
“Origines de la France contemporaine” de Taine. Paris 1947.
“Pages choisies, romans” d’André Malraux. Paris, 1955.
Anthologie de la poésie française. [Paris, 1968.]

A. MITRICH

References in periodicals archive ?
Contract notice: extension work, restructuring and renovation of the pierre fanlac media library - 12, avenue georges pompidou in prigueux (painting, facade cleaning, locksmithing)
About 5,000 tons of sand are used in three sites, namely the Voie Georges Pompidou, the Bassin de la Villette and Parvis de d'Hotel de Ville.
Environ 5000 tonnes de sables sont deversees dans les trois sites : la voie Georges Pompidou, le bassin de La Villette (19eme arrondissement) et le Parvis de l'Hotel de Ville (4eme arrondissement) pour regaler les Parisiens et les touristes.
Professor Philippe Juvin, service director at Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou, said it was too early to tell whether some of the 50 young people caught up in the Bataclan theatre massacre would be left with life-changing injuries.
Dubai: Dubai International School (DIS), Al Quoz, defeated Al Ittihad Private School, Jumeirah, in a penalty shoot-out to set up a semi-final clash with defending champions Lycee Francais International Georges Pompidou in the U-16 category of the Dubai Schools Cup on Saturday.
ISLAMABAD -- The first patient to receive an artificial heart intended as a permanent replacement for his own ailing organ died 75 days after the transplant operation, said Paris' Georges Pompidou European Hospital.
The operation took place at Georges Pompidou Hospital in Paris.
FOLLOWING its phenomenal success at the Centro Georges Pompidou in Paris, the Salvador Dali exhibition will be moving to the Museo Reina Sofia in Madrid this week for a four-month period.
Mathieu Flonneau, Pascal Geneste, Philippe Nivet and Emilie Willaert, Le grand dessein de Georges Pompidou [Georges Pompidou's Grand Design], Somogy-Association Georges Pompidou, Archives Nationales Paris (2010), 255 pp.
The schools taking part in the run are Lycee Francais International, Georges Pompidou, Aflec Dubai (French Lebanese Association for Education and Culture) and Lebanese-French Lycee.
And Georges Pompidou once said: "There are three roads to ruin; women, gambling and technicians.
A world-famous architect, his projects include the expansion of the Art Institute of Chicago, the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris, and now the Shard London Bridge.