Georgia O'Keeffe

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O'Keeffe, Georgia

O'Keeffe, Georgia (ōkēfˈ), 1887–1986, American painter, b. Sun Prairie, Wis. After working briefly as a commercial artist in Chicago, O'Keeffe abandoned painting until she began the study of abstract design with A. W. Dow at Columbia Univ. Teachers College. Thereafter she taught art in Texas. Her work was first exhibited in 1916 at the 291 Gallery of Alfred Stieglitz, whom she married in 1924. Immaculate, sculptural, organic forms painted in strong, clear colors predominate in her works. Living much of her life in New Mexico, O'Keeffe employed numerous Southwestern motifs such as bleached bones, barren, rolling hills, clouds, and desert blooms. Cow's Skull, Red, White, and Blue (1931; Metropolitan Mus.) is characteristic. Her pristine abstract designs carry strong elements of sexual symbolism—especially her flower paintings, her most personal works. Using a photographic close-up technique, she revealed the exquisite recesses of calla lilies, orchids, and hollyhocks. Her later works are more purely abstract. O'Keeffe is represented in a Santa Fe museum devoted to her works and in major museums nationwide.


See her collected drawings (1968) and B. B. Lynes, ed., Georgia O'Keeffe: Catalogue Raisonné (2 vol., 1999); S. Greenough, ed., My Faraway One: Selected Letters of Georgia O'Keeffe and Alfred Stieglitz (2011); biographies by L. Lisle (1987), R. Robinson (1989), and H. Drohojowska-Philp (2004); J. Cowart et al., Georgia O'Keeffe: Art and Letters (1987); B. Haskell, ed., Georgia O'Keeffe: Abstraction (2009); C. Burke, Foursome: Alfred Stieglitz, Georgia O'Keeffe, Paul Strand, Rebecca Salisbury (2019).

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O'Keeffe, Georgia

(1887–1986) painter; born in Sun Prairie, Wis. By age 12 she was intent on being an artist. She studied at the Art Institute of Chicago (1904–08) and the Art Students League, New York (1907–08), then taught in Texas (1912–18). Alfred Stieglitz was the first to promote her work; they married (1924) but spent increasingly less time together. While based in New York, she became famous for flower paintings such as Black Iris (1926), and cityscapes such as Radiator Building—Night, New York (1927). New Mexico, which she visited from 1929 on and where she settled in 1946, inspired the paintings that made her later reputation—stark abstractions from nature, like Deer's Skull with Pedernal (1931).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
Georgia O'Keeffe (1887-1986), Single Lily with Red, 1928, [oil on wood, 12 x 6.5/16 in.
Caption: Georgia O'Keeffe's Jimson Weed/White Rower No.
Some of the National Parks Arts Foundation sponsors are: The Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, the Las Vegas Arts Council, a grant from the National Endowment for the Arts, and the National Parks Arts Foundation.
Dodge, who was a close friend of Gertrude Stein, was a prominent figure in the art scenes of New York, Florence, and Santa Barbara, but her Taos salon really took off, especially after she married Tony Luhan, a Pueblo Indian, and it attracted Emma Goldman, Georgia O'Keeffe, Willa Cather, Margaret Sanger, Martha Graham, and many others.
Lynes (curator, Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, Santa Fe) and Lopes, who worked for O'Keeffe from 1974 until the artist's death, explore the history of O'Keeffe's famous houses in Ghost Ranch and Abiquiu, New Mexico and the relationship they played in the artist's personal and professional life.
It pays tribute to 13 groundbreaking Americans, from the first president, George Washington, to baseball great Jackie Robinson to artist Georgia O'Keeffe. (ANI)
The Inspirational book is a tribute to 13 Americans, from the first president, George Washington, to baseball great Jackie Robinson to artist Georgia O'Keeffe. President Obama's 40-page book will have a first printing of 500,000 illustrated copies.
Pyne wrote early sections of this book during her period as scholar-in-residence at the Georgia O'Keeffe Museum Research Center in Santa Fe.
Ghost Ranch is a 21,000-acre expanse of northern New Mexico brought to notice from Georgia O'Keeffe's attachment to the area as displayed in her paintings and in the words in the book's Afterword and elsewhere.
Compiled and edited by Karen Moss, and featuring essays by Timothy Rodgers, Sharyn Udall, and Michael Zakian, "Illumination--the Paintings of Georgia O'Keeffe, Agnes Pelton, Agnes Martin, and Florence Pierce" is an incredibly striking collection of four American women artists whose work spans the twentieth century.
THE WORKS of iconic American artists Georgia O'Keeffe and Ansel Adams are focused on beauty in nature, and transform these elements with colour and tone.

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