Georgian architecture

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Georgian architecture

Georgian architecture. It includes several trends in English architecture that were predominant during the reigns (1714–1830) of George I, George II, George III, and George IV. The first half of the period (c.1710–c.1760) was dominated by Neo-Palladianism (see Palladio). Colin Campbell, with his first publication of the Vitruvius Britannicus in 1715, inspired the patron-architect Richard Boyle, earl of Burlington, and his protégé, William Kent, to return to a classicizing form of architecture, based on the works of Inigo Jones and Palladio. Campbell's Mereworth Castle, Kent (1723), is an outstanding example of this style. Another exponent of Palladian theory was Giacomo Leoni (1688–1746), who published an edition of the Architecture of A. Palladio in Four Books (c.1716–c.1720). The Palladian tradition exerted an obvious and powerful influence throughout the Georgian period both in England and America. During the first half of the 18th cent. there was a countercurrent of baroque architecture stemming from buildings by Sir Christopher Wren and carried on by Sir John Vanbrugh, Nicholas Hawksmoor, and James Gibbs. From the second half of the 18th cent. new archaeological discoveries in Greece and Italy led architects to draw freely from antiquity and other sources (see classic revival). Neoclassicism had for its principal exponents Sir William Chambers, Robert Adam, George Dance II, and Sir John Soane. A vast increase in population and the birth of industrialism brought an increasing demand for formal mansions for the aristocracy and for dwelling houses for the middle classes. A purely English type of dwelling, somewhat standardized as to plan and materials, was produced for the needs of town and country. The use of brick had become common under William of Orange (William III), as an element of Dutch influence. The red brick house, with courses and cornices of white stone and trimmings of white painted woodwork, is what is popularly termed the Georgian style. New types of public, commercial, civic, and governmental architecture arose, examples of which are Queensberry House by Giacomo Leoni; the Old Admiralty, Whitehall, by Thomas Ripley; the treasury and Horse Guards buildings, by William Kent; Somerset House, by Sir William Chambers; the Bank of England, by Sir John Soane; and monumental street groupings, such as those by John Wood and his son at Bath and by the Adam brothers in London. Among notable churches are St. Martin-in-the-Fields and St. Mary-le-Strand, both by James Gibbs; other important architects of the period were James Gandon and Henry Holland. American buildings and arts of the period, which closely resemble their English prototypes, are also usually designated as Georgian.


See J. Harris, Georgian Country Houses (1968); J. Summerson, Architecture in Britain 1530–1830 (3d ed. 1958) and Georgian London (1962, repr. 1970).

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Georgian architecture

A formal arrangement of parts within a symmetrical composition and enriched Classical detail characterize this style. The simple facade is often emphasized by a projecting pediment, with colossal pilasters and a Palladian window. It often includes dormers, and the entrances ornately decorated with transoms or fanlights over the doors. The style was transmitted through architectural pattern books.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
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It's an example of the Georgian architecture that can be seen on most streets, making it a wonderful city to wander around.
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We are looking forward to getting to know and working with new partners within the local community," said Angela Vickers, managing director of Apex Hotels, which is headquartered at Edinburgh.Bath was designated a World Heritage Site in 1987 and boasts elegant Georgian architecture, a wide variety of museums, theatres and other cultural and sporting venues in addition to a vibrant shopping centre.
The lake rims part of the 156-acre pastoral and palatial campus with its array of Georgian architecture, statuary sunken gardens, fountains, gilded gates and fences.
"But I stuck it out and I found my way, and I grew to love English wit, Georgian architecture, sticky toffee pudding, and the English countryside.
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For example, pass holders can begin their journey in London where some of the world''s most visited sights and attractions await, then discover the city of Bath, with its Roman baths and Georgian architecture, head to Oxford, the home of England''s oldest university, and visit Windsor Castle, Salisbury Cathedral, King Arthur''s round table in Winchester and any stop in between.
Following the rules of Georgian architecture, the plan of the house is symmetrical.

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