Georgieva, Kristalina

Georgieva, Kristalina

(Kristalina Ivanova Georgieva-Kinova), 1953–, Bulgarian economist. She studied at the Karl Marx Higher Institute of Economics (now the Univ. of National and World Economy) and was an associate professor (1977–93) there. Georgieva worked for the International Bank for Reconstruction and DevelopmentInternational Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)
(IBRD), independent specialized agency of the United Nations, with headquarters at Washington, D.C.; one of five closely associated development institutions (also including the International Center for Settlement of
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 (World Bank) from 1993 to 2010, rising from an environmental economist to director of the environment department (2000–2004) and then to vice president and corporate secretary (2008–10). From 2010 to 2014 she worked for the European CommissionEuropean Commission
(EC), institution of the European Union (EU) invested with executive powers; it also is the main EU institution that initiates legislation. Located in Brussels, Belgium, it was founded in 1967 when the three treaty organizations comprising what was then the
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 (EC) as commissioner for international cooperation, humanitarian aid, and crisis response, and from 2014 to 2016 she was EC vice president for budget and human resources. After returning to the World Bank as chief executive officer (2017–19), Georgieva succeeded Christine LagardeLagarde, Christine
(Christine Madeleine Odette Lallouette Lagarde) , 1956–, French lawyer and government official, the first woman to head the International Monetary Fund (IMF). She graduated from Univ.
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 as managing director of the International Monetary FundInternational Monetary Fund
(IMF), specialized agency of the United Nations, established in 1945. It was planned at the Bretton Woods Conference (1944), and its headquarters are in Washington, D.C.
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 (2019–).
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