George Grivas

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Grivas, George

(grē`väs), 1898–1974, Greek and Cypriot general, b. Cyprus. He joined the Greek army and early became an advocate of enosis (the union of Cyprus with Greece). After World War II, he played a sinister role in the antileftist repression that helped bring about the Greek Civil War. In 1954 he returned to Cyprus to head a guerrilla army (EOKA), which conducted struggle against the British in Cyprus from 1955 to 1959. He opposed the 1959 agreements establishing the independent republic of Cyprus. In Aug., 1964, after fighting broke out between Greek and Turkish Cypriots, he commanded the Cypriot national guard and headed Greek forces on the island. Grivas was forced to leave Cyprus, however, in Nov., 1967, after a number of Turkish Cypriots were killed in a battle with Grivas's national guard. In 1971, he returned secretly to the island, launching a terrorist campaign against the government of President Makarios. Shortly after his death, his movement succeeded in temporarily overthrowing Makarios, thus opening the way for a Turkish seizure of the northern third of the island (July, 1974) and its de facto partition.

Bibliography

See his Memoirs, ed. by C. Foley (1965); biography by D. Barker (1960).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Pink and red paint was thrown on the statue of Georgios Grivas in Limassol on Tuesday.
Its intended target, Greek army general Georgios Grivas, had also missed the flight, and later travelled to Nicosia on the same plane as the Tornado team.
(23) Notwithstanding the propagandistic intent the Grivas diaries [Part I] as such are a vital source for the understanding of the EOKA movement, in general, and the mindset of its leader Georgios Grivas, in particular.
On Sunday, Disy MP Eleni Stavrou, who is also running for Member of European Parliament, posted on her social media account pictures from her attendance at a memorial for General Georgios Grivas (Digenis), the military commander of the Eoka insurgency against British colonial rule from 1955 to 1959 and its later variant Eoka B in the 1960s.
The author skilfully highlights the process through which the commitment of the people of Cyprus to the ideals of liberty and independence led to the revolt against British colonial rule and, from there, to the Zurich-London Agreements, via a labyrinthine path directly connected to Archbishop Makarios and Georgios Grivas Dighenis.
Ruling Disy and a handful of other right-wing parties on the Limassol municipal council approved the construction of a monument dedicated to Georgios Grivas, the leader of Greek Cypriot paramilitary groups Eoka and Eoka B -- a man seen by Turkish Cypriots as personifying Greek Cypriots' nationalist tendencies.
Main opposition Akel on Monday held a protest in Limassol against the municipality's decision to allow the building of a monument to honour general Georgios Grivas whom the party considers one of the main culprits for the events that led up to Turkish invasion.
Communist AKEL has asked the education ministry to withdraw a circular listing places for schools to visit because it included the hideout of EOKA leader Georgios Grivas, a controversial figure viewed in Cyprus as a hero and villain at the same time.
Apart from Makarios, the Loizides brothers, and others, the record was also signed by retired lieutenant colonel Georgios Grivas.
SIX volumes of MI5 and MI6 documents on General Georgios Grivas 'Dighenis', the military leader of the four-year guerrilla struggle against British colonists and for union with Greece from 1955 to 1959, were declassified yesterday.
Around 50 bikers, under the slogan "motorcyclists don't forget," started the ride at 8 am on Friday at the Georgios Grivas memorial in Chloraka, Paphos.
"A day of honour for Ethnarch Makarios (the island's archbishop at the time and first president) and General (Georgios Grivas) Dhigenis, who led the struggle, and a day of reflection for us."