Watkins shows, however, that a shift appeared in the period 1050-1215, with more and more chroniclers such as Gerald of Wales
reporting stories that they had from reliable witnesses that indicated a neutral set of events between the natural and demonic.
And Cohen does show how even writers as well-studied as Bede or Gerald of Wales
can yield up new ideas and possibilities when subjected to subtle analysis.
Gerald of Wales
knew of a man from Swansea who found a cave that led him into the world of the fairies, and in about 1200 two 'green children' caused a sensation by apparently coming from such a world into ours, via a deep pit at Woolpit (Suffolk).
Prof Duggan claimed that someone was most likely Gerald of Wales
, an ambitious 12th century bishop with an eye on promotion.
More unusually, you can discover the thoughts of some of the earliest travel writers, such as 12th century cleric Gerald of Wales
, Daniel Defoe, William Cobbett and Celia Fiennes.
As the observant cleric Gerald of Wales
put it bluntly back in the 12th century, 'If only the Welsh could fight in ordered ranks, instead of leaping about all over the place, if their princes could only come to an agreement and unite to defend their country, I cannot see how so powerful a people could ever be conquered.
Gerald of Wales
(1146-1223) included an account of a werewolf in his The History and Topography of Ireland What did this creature represent--a change (metamorphosis) or some combination (hybrid)?
wrote Gerald of Wales
, a 12th-century priest, concerning the book.
Church writes on the campaigns of King John of England in Ireland; Judith Everard on King Henry II's justiciar in Ireland; Mark Philpott on the question of the archbishop of Canterbury's primacy over the Irish bishops; and Yoko Wada on the career of Gerald of Wales
, whose literary career gained its fame from his descriptions of his voyages to Ireland.
In 1193 or shortly afterwards, Gerald of Wales
, in an invective against William Longchamp, bishop of Ely, papal legate and virtual viceroy of England, declared:(8)
The author is as clear-headed as William's contemporary Gerald of Wales
about the limitations of much of the new pastoral writing.
The story of Gerald of Wales
, Giraldus Cambrensis, will be the focus at Criccieth Castle on Saturday and Sunday, February 9 and 10, Wednesday February 13, Saturday and Sunday, February 16 and 17.