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Related to Geraniol: citral


(organic chemistry)
(CH3)2CCH(CH2)2C(CH3)CHCH2OH A colorless to pale-yellow liquid, an alcohol and a terpene, boiling point 230°C; soluble in alcohol and ether, insoluble in water; used in perfumery and flavoring.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an organic compound, C10H180; a pale yellow liquid with an odor similar to that of roses. Boiling point, 229°-230° C; density, 0.889 g/cm3 (20° C); refractive index, Geraniol 1.4766. Geraniol is insoluble in water but soluble in ethanol and ether.

Geraniol is a constituent of rose, geranium, and certain other essential oils. It can be produced synthetically by selective hydrogenation of citral or by isomerization of linalool by heating with acetic anhydride. Geraniol is used in perfume formulas and for perfuming soap.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of geraniol for the Candida strains were determined by the broth dilution method (22).
In this study, [beta]-myrcene, D-limonene, [beta]-ocimene, [gamma]-elemene, [beta]-citral, geraniol, caryophyllene, and [beta]-farnesene had higher concentrations in shoots from trees with symptoms of Huanglongbing.
One mL of phenylacetaldehyde (Acros Organics, Bridgewater, New Jersey), geraniol (Acros Organics, Bridgewater, New Jersey), anisole (Acros Organics, Bridgewater, New Jersey), and benzaldehyde (Sigma Aldrich, St.
dioica terebinthifolius terebinthifolius Name (RT) Name (RT) Name (RT) Camphene (9.23) [alpha]-pinene [beta]-myrcene (9.09) (7.12) [alpha]-Terpineol [alpha]- [alpha]-phellandrene (11.90) phellandrene (9.74) (8.48) Geraniol (12.67) b-pinene (8.66) 2-pentanone (10.46) [beta]-copaene b-myrcene (9.09) (-)-limonene (10.65) (13.74) Trans-3-caren- [beta]-pinene 2-ol (9.74) (13.67) 1R-[alpha]-pinene [gamma]-terpinene (9.83) (17.24) o-cymene (10.46) p-eugenol (24.89) (-)-limonene (10.66) A.
Upon administration of oral geraniol (60 mg/kg/day in divided doses for seven days), all symptoms completely subsided.
They also suggest that the components of ginger, namely, 6-gingerol, zingerone, and geraniol, could provide a protective effect on the prostate gland by acting as antioxidants and improving the overall male reproductive state.
Chemical standards of [alpha]-pinene, linalool, [alpha]-humulene ([alpha]-caryophyllene), nerol, 2-phenylethyl alcohol (PEA), [beta]-caryophyllene, citronellol, geraniol, methyl eugenol, and eugenol were supplied from Sigma Aldrich (USA) while NaCl was purchased from Merck (Germany).
The subjects sniffed aqueous solutions of cinnamaldehyde, methyl cinnamate, citral, citronellol, geraniol and phenyl ethyl alcohol (PEA) at low (1 ppm to 2.5 ppm) and mid-range concentrations (4 ppm to 100 ppm), in two separate sessions.
Cardamom has varied essential oils which include such as sabinene, pinene, myrcene, geraniol, linalool, 1, 8-cineole, limonene and citronellol among others that offer a wide range of benefits for skin, hair and health.