Gerard Manley Hopkins

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Hopkins, Gerard Manley,

1844–89, English poet, educated at Oxford. Entering the Roman Catholic Church in 1866 and the Jesuit novitiate in 1868, he was ordained in 1877. Upon becoming a Jesuit he burned much of his early verse and abandoned the writing of poetry. However, the sinking in 1875 of a German ship carrying five Franciscan nuns, exiles from Germany, inspired him to write one of his most impressive poems "The Wreck of the Deutschland." Thereafter he produced his best poetry, including "God's Grandeur," "The Windhover," "The Leaden Echo," and "The Golden Echo." Since Hopkins never gave permission for the publication of his verse, his Poems, edited by his friend Robert Bridges, did not appear in print until 1918. His life was continually troubled by inner conflict, which arose, not from religious skepticism, but from an inability to give himself completely to his God. Both his poems and his letters often reflect an intense dissatisfaction with himself as a poet and as a servant of God. Though he produced a small body of work, he ranks high among English poets, and his work profoundly influenced 20th-century poetry. His verse is noted for its piercing intensity of language and its experiments in prosody. Of these experiments the most famous is "sprung rhythm," a meter in which Hopkins tried to approximate the rhythm of everyday speech.

Bibliography

See his journals and papers (ed. by H. House and completed by G. Storey, 1959); his letters (ed. by C. C. Abbott, 1955–56); biographies by J. Pick (2d ed 1966), E. Ruggles (1944, repr. 1969), R. B. Martin (1991), N. White (1995), and P. Mariani (2008); studies by W. H. Gardner (2 vol., 2d ed. 1948), A. Heuser (1958, repr. 1969), B. Kelly (1935, repr. 1972), M. Sprinker (1980), A. G. Sulloway (1982), T. Zaniello (1987), and N. White (2002).

References in periodicals archive ?
Nixon's Gerard Manley Hopkins and His Contemporaries is diverse and rich as it contextualizes Hopkins' thought and poetry within Victorian intellectual history.
And before any zealots, who guard the city's reputation, take the hump and decide to write to the Editor or make a citizen's arrest, Gerard Manley Hopkins has been dead for over 120 years
The title of Kathryn Inskeep's "Queering the Eucharist: Gerard Manley Hopkins's 'The Blessed Virgin'" might seem to locate her argument in the midst of current debates about the poet's gender identity, but she uses queering in its more restricted sense of simply being different.
After this comes Luis Chitarroni's brief, semi-fictional portraits of such authors as William Gerhardie and Gerard Manley Hopkins; and then S.
The world that Hodgkin pictures through windows becomes his inner world--a sort of inscape (to use poet Gerard Manley Hopkins's word) within the landscape.
Cummings, Gerard Manley Hopkins, Dylan Thomas, and Emily Dickinson.
The Split World of Gerard Manley Hopkins: An Essay in Semiotic Phenomenology.
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Using the writings of Gerard Manley Hopkins as a representation of a larger Victorian ecological sensibility, Parham argues that Victorian-era literary figures were interested in the elements which later combined to form the science of ecology, and that they were closely connected to the emergence of an early "green politics.
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LIVERPOOL Hope University has this week completed the assignment of the current lease of Gerard Manley Hopkins Hall from Cosmopolitan Student Homes for the remaining 28 years of its leasehold ins terest, for an undisclosed sum.
Two Israeli scholars, Meyer and Deshen, explain how a rabbinic hermeneutical approach provides new insights into the religious poetry of Gerard Manley Hopkins and of T.