Gerard Manley Hopkins


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Hopkins, Gerard Manley,

1844–89, English poet, educated at Oxford. Entering the Roman Catholic Church in 1866 and the Jesuit novitiate in 1868, he was ordained in 1877. Upon becoming a Jesuit he burned much of his early verse and abandoned the writing of poetry. However, the sinking in 1875 of a German ship carrying five Franciscan nuns, exiles from Germany, inspired him to write one of his most impressive poems "The Wreck of the Deutschland." Thereafter he produced his best poetry, including "God's Grandeur," "The Windhover," "The Leaden Echo," and "The Golden Echo." Since Hopkins never gave permission for the publication of his verse, his Poems, edited by his friend Robert Bridges, did not appear in print until 1918. His life was continually troubled by inner conflict, which arose, not from religious skepticism, but from an inability to give himself completely to his God. Both his poems and his letters often reflect an intense dissatisfaction with himself as a poet and as a servant of God. Though he produced a small body of work, he ranks high among English poets, and his work profoundly influenced 20th-century poetry. His verse is noted for its piercing intensity of language and its experiments in prosody. Of these experiments the most famous is "sprung rhythm," a meter in which Hopkins tried to approximate the rhythm of everyday speech.

Bibliography

See his journals and papers (ed. by H. House and completed by G. Storey, 1959); his letters (ed. by C. C. Abbott, 1955–56); biographies by J. Pick (2d ed 1966), E. Ruggles (1944, repr. 1969), R. B. Martin (1991), N. White (1995), and P. Mariani (2008); studies by W. H. Gardner (2 vol., 2d ed. 1948), A. Heuser (1958, repr. 1969), B. Kelly (1935, repr. 1972), M. Sprinker (1980), A. G. Sulloway (1982), T. Zaniello (1987), and N. White (2002).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Collected Works of Gerard Manley Hopkins, Volume 3 Diaries, Journals, and Notebooks.
"Gerard Manley Hopkins: Poetry as Music." Hopkins Quarterly 29.3-4 (Summer-Fall 2002): 109-125.
The climax of The Split World of Gerard Manley Hopkins comes in a reading of The Wreck of the Deutschland in the conclusion, where Sobolev maintains that the poem "oscillates between ecstatic faith and the impossibility of the application of its dogmas and insights to the world of injustice, suffering, and death" (321).
Gerard Manley Hopkins became a Roman Catholic and joined the Jesuits.
Gerard Manley Hopkins The Poems of Gerard Manley Hopkins: A Sourcebook, edited by Alice Jenkins.
On a personal point, I'm still disillusioned by the knowledge that the Jesuit poet, Gerard Manley Hopkins, who could write sublime lines like "Glory to God for dappled things, for skies of couple colour as a brinded cow, For Rose-Moles all in stipple upon trout that swim", was a martyr to his haemorrhoids.
Works such as Blue Remembered Hills, 2002-2003, and Grief, 1999-2002, are ideoplastic masterpieces, at once landscapes and "inscapes," to use Gerard Manley Hopkins's term.
Gerard Manley Hopkins (1844-89), now recognized as a major Victorian poet, was an Oxford undergraduate (1863-67), Jesuit (1868-89), priest (1877-89), and (from 1875) poetic innovator in form (the sonnet), sound (e.g., Welsh cynghanedd), and rhythm (his famous "sprung rhythm").
Gerard Manley Hopkins' "As Kingfishers Catch Fire." They seduced me.
A Queer Chivalry: The Homoerotic Asceticism of Gerard Manley Hopkins. By JULIA F.
(1.) Gerard Manley Hopkins, S.J., "As Kingfishers catch fire" in The Poems of Gardner Manley Hopkins, ed.