Gerasa

Gerasa

(jĕr`əsə),

Gerash,

or

Jerash

(both: jĕ`räsh, jəräsh`), ancient city of the Decapolis, 22 mi (35 km) N of Amman, in present-day Jordan. According to Josephus it was captured (83 B.C.) by Alexander Jannaeus, king of the Hasmonean dynasty, and rebuilt (A.D. 65) by the Romans. Though twice destroyed thereafter, it was a flourishing city in the 2d and 3d cent. The Greco-Roman city was called Jerash and is probably the best-preserved Palestinian city of Roman times. The site is covered with interesting Roman ruins, including a long colonnaded street with more than a hundred columns still standing, a great theater and a smaller one, a triumphal arch, and many temples. It was also important in the development of early Christianity, and several churches of the period have been found there. Gerasa is not the biblical country of the Gerasenes. A colony of Circassians lives among the ruins.

Bibliography

See C. H. Kraeling, ed., Gerasa, City of the Decapolis (1938).

References in periodicals archive ?
Rodotheou is the brother of businessman Andros Rodotheou who was gunned down while at a friend's house at the village of Gerasa, Limassol in April last year.
Artemis and Zeus Olympios in Roman Gerasa and Seleucid Religious Policy.
Founded by the Romans as the ancient city of Gerasa as part of their 10-city Decapolis when they arrived in Jordan, Jerash is home to several Roman ruins, including Hadrian's Arch, which was built to honour Emperor Hadrian when he came to Jordan, which was then named Arabia Petraea, as well as a stunning Roman-era temple, which features the signature columns that Greek and Roman architecture was so famous for, as well as the white marble and sandstone that was used to build so many of their structures.
The Church of Prophets, Apostles, and Martyrs in Gerasa is in the form of a cross within in a rectangular space.
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