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Born Dec. 25, 1904, in Hamburg. Canadian physicist.
Herzberg studied at the Darmstadt Institute of Technology and at the universities of Góttingen and Bristol. In 1930 he became a lecturer at the Darmstadt Institute of Technology. He emigrated to Canada in 1935. From 1935 to 1945, he was a professor at the University of Saskatchewan. In 1945, Herzberg became a professor at the University of Chicago. In 1949 he was made the director of the Division of Physics of the National Research Council of Canada in Ottawa. He became the president of the Canadian Association of Physicists in 1956. From 1957 to 1963, he was the vice-president of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics.
Herzberg’s main works deal with atomic and molecular spectroscopy. Herzberg wrote monographs that became world-renowned and a large number of journal papers in spectroscopy.
In 1971, Herzberg received the Nobel Prize in chemistry.
WORKSIn Russian translation:
Atomnye spektry i stroenie atomov. Moscow, 1948.
Spektry i stroenie dvukhatomnykh molekul. Moscow, 1949.
Kolebatel’nye i vrashchatel’nye spektry mnogoatomnykh molekul. Moscow, 1949.
Elektronnye spektry i stroenie mnogoatomnykh molekul. Moscow, 1969.