Gerhard Herzberg

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Herzberg, Gerhard


Born Dec. 25, 1904, in Hamburg. Canadian physicist.

Herzberg studied at the Darmstadt Institute of Technology and at the universities of Góttingen and Bristol. In 1930 he became a lecturer at the Darmstadt Institute of Technology. He emigrated to Canada in 1935. From 1935 to 1945, he was a professor at the University of Saskatchewan. In 1945, Herzberg became a professor at the University of Chicago. In 1949 he was made the director of the Division of Physics of the National Research Council of Canada in Ottawa. He became the president of the Canadian Association of Physicists in 1956. From 1957 to 1963, he was the vice-president of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics.

Herzberg’s main works deal with atomic and molecular spectroscopy. Herzberg wrote monographs that became world-renowned and a large number of journal papers in spectroscopy.

In 1971, Herzberg received the Nobel Prize in chemistry.


In Russian translation:
Atomnye spektry i stroenie atomov. Moscow, 1948.
Spektry i stroenie dvukhatomnykh molekul. Moscow, 1949.
Kolebatel’nye i vrashchatel’nye spektry mnogoatomnykh molekul. Moscow, 1949.
Elektronnye spektry i stroenie mnogoatomnykh molekul. Moscow, 1969.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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On November 5, 2001, the winner of the 2001 Gerhard Herzberg Canada Gold Medal will be announced, and The Chemical Institute of Canada has a two-out-of-three chance of seeing one of its members win the sought-after prize of up to $1 million.
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Moreover, NSERC has regularly honoured many of the most outstanding researchers in these scientific and engineering disciplines, including University of Ottawa Chemist Howard Alper, FCIC, winner of this year's Gerhard Herzberg Canada Gold Medal.
Tom Brzustowski, president of NSERC, has announced that the University of Ottawa's Howard Alper, FCIC, is the first winner of the prestigious new Gerhard Herzberg Canada Gold Medal for Science and Engineering.