Gerhard Herzberg


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Herzberg, Gerhard

 

Born Dec. 25, 1904, in Hamburg. Canadian physicist.

Herzberg studied at the Darmstadt Institute of Technology and at the universities of Góttingen and Bristol. In 1930 he became a lecturer at the Darmstadt Institute of Technology. He emigrated to Canada in 1935. From 1935 to 1945, he was a professor at the University of Saskatchewan. In 1945, Herzberg became a professor at the University of Chicago. In 1949 he was made the director of the Division of Physics of the National Research Council of Canada in Ottawa. He became the president of the Canadian Association of Physicists in 1956. From 1957 to 1963, he was the vice-president of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics.

Herzberg’s main works deal with atomic and molecular spectroscopy. Herzberg wrote monographs that became world-renowned and a large number of journal papers in spectroscopy.

In 1971, Herzberg received the Nobel Prize in chemistry.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Atomnye spektry i stroenie atomov. Moscow, 1948.
Spektry i stroenie dvukhatomnykh molekul. Moscow, 1949.
Kolebatel’nye i vrashchatel’nye spektry mnogoatomnykh molekul. Moscow, 1949.
Elektronnye spektry i stroenie mnogoatomnykh molekul. Moscow, 1969.
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References in periodicals archive ?
As a master's student at the University of Saskatchewan, he studied under Gerhard Herzberg, establishing the foundations of his research into oxidizing agents and coordination chemistry.
This past February, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) presented Becke with the Gerhard Herzberg Canada Gold Medal for Science and Engineering, its highest scientific honour.
I met Gerhard Herzberg a few times and in fact I used spectroscopic constants from one of his most famous books to test my theories for the first 10 years of my career.
Tito Scaiano, FCIC, was named to an impressive list in early October when Tom Brzustowski, president of NSERC, announced the finalists for the 2002 Gerhard Herzberg Canada Gold Medal for Science and Engineering.
The 2002 winner will be announced on November 25 and will receive the medal, which honours Canadian Nobel Prize winner Gerhard Herzberg, at a gala event in Ottawa that day.
On November 5, 2001, the winner of the 2001 Gerhard Herzberg Canada Gold Medal will be announced, and The Chemical Institute of Canada has a two-out-of-three chance of seeing one of its members win the sought-after prize of up to $1 million.
Canada's first receipient of the Gerhard Herzberg Canada Gold Medal for Science and Engineering, Howard Alper, FCIC, has decided to use a significant portion of the million-dollar prize money he received last year to set up an award for promising young researchers.
Moreover, NSERC has regularly honoured many of the most outstanding researchers in these scientific and engineering disciplines, including University of Ottawa Chemist Howard Alper, FCIC, winner of this year's Gerhard Herzberg Canada Gold Medal.
Tom Brzustowski, president of NSERC, has announced that the University of Ottawa's Howard Alper, FCIC, is the first winner of the prestigious new Gerhard Herzberg Canada Gold Medal for Science and Engineering.
The government of Canada extends its congratulations and best wishes to the winner of the new Gerhard Herzberg Canada Gold Medal for Science and Engineering, Dr.