Gerhard Marcks

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Marcks, Gerhard


Born Feb. 18, 1889, in Berlin. German sculptor (Federal Republic of Germany).

Marcks studied under R. Scheibe in 1907-12 in Berlin. He taught at the Bauhaus (1919-25), the School of Industrial Art in Halle (from 1925; in 1933 he was dismissed by the Nazis), and the School of Art in Hamburg (1946-50). In 1910-20 he came under the influence of A. Maillol and later of W. Lehmbruck. In the 1920’s he began to look to ancient Greek sculpture for inspiration. In his realistic compositions and portraits he seeks to achieve constructive clarity and harmonious coherence of forms (Freya, Museum of Modern Art, New York; Alzina, 1934, and Portrait ofPurrmann, 1963, the R. Hoffmann Gallery in Hamburg; all works in bronze). In the late 1940’s and 1950’s, Marcks created a number of monuments, permeated by the spirit of humanism, to the victims of World War II, as well as works on religious subjects. He is known as a graphic artist (pencil drawings and wood engravings).


Ladendorf, H. G. Marcks, Hamburg, 1962.
References in periodicals archive ?
But, for instance, from the ceramic workshops there is an experimental pot made by Theodor Bogler and Gerhard Marcks [Fig.
1922, designed by Theodor Bogler (1897-1968) and Gerhard Marcks (1889-1981).
Teachers here were not called professors, but "masters." They included renowned artists such as Lyonel Feininger, Wassily Kandinsky, Gerhard Marcks and Paul Klee.
From 1925 onwards, the school profited from the impulses of the numerous former Bauhaus members that were arriving, such as the ceramic artist Marguerite Friedlaender-Wildenhain or the sculptor Gerhard Marcks.
117-74)) through which every student (except those doing pottery with Gerhard Marcks and printing with Lyonel Feininger (p.
Seventy works, mostly sculptures, by 20 artists are on show, including Prometheus (1948) by Gerhard Marcks.