German Catholics


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German Catholics,

religious groups founded in 1844 by dissidents from the Roman Catholic Church. They were led by two excommunicated priests, Johann Czerski of Schneidemühl, Posen, and Johann Ronge of Breslau. The church, organized by a council in Leipzig in 1845 under the name of Deutsche-katholische Kirche, was attractive to Roman Catholics because it retained the traditional practices of baptism and communion. In keeping with the rationalism and nationalism of the period, it rejected papal primacy, celibacy, indulgences, devotion to saints, veneration of relics, and all but the above-mentioned sacraments. Following an early period of growth, with several hundred congregations consisting of some 80,000 members, a slow decline set in. Roman Catholics who had sought reform became disillusioned following the merger with the Protestant Free Congregations in 1850, and the later merger of many of these churches with the Friends of Light, an anti-Christian sect. Greatly reduced in membership, several German Catholic churches survived into the 20th cent.
References in periodicals archive ?
How many German Catholics, out of obedience to the hierarchy, failed to defend the Jews against the onslaughts of Hitler?
Though only a small number of German Catholics were part of the Catholic Right, they contributed to the success of the German Right.
(30) The area that would become the abbacy attracted around 700 homestead claims by German Catholics in 1903 alone, (31) however, as happened elsewhere in the new world, some sold their land and returned home as soon as they had title.
Many history readers unfamiliar with this background will be delighted with a survey that provides unusual insights on how Irish and German Catholics become involved in supporting the Union war effort, contrasting their experiences and approaches with the calls for religious and political inclusion that challenged their concepts of faith and social structure.
At that time, Irish and German Catholics dominated the Detroit political scene, so Poles gravitated to Hamtramck.
If Matthias Erzberger, whom Christopher Dowe describes as emblematic of German Catholics, unreservedly supported the war in 1914, by 1915 he was exploring peace initiatives; his efforts led to accusations of disloyalty and ultimately to his postwar assassination.
Significantly, the book makes vividly clear the intensity of the hatred that had been directed toward German Catholics. That visceral hatred, once the rapprochement had been achieved, would now need to be redirected at another excluded group.
The meeting with Irish, British and German Catholics was designed to acknowledge the gravity of the Church's guilt and complicity.
In a meeting with the Central Committee of German Catholics, Bishop Gebhard Furst of Stuttgard told a group of lay people that the Church must "take into account the concrete reality" of couples and families.
His German encyclical, Mit brennender Sorge (With Burning Anxiety), deeply offended the Nazis and had some unpleasant repercussions for German Catholics. He was disturbed by the plight of the Jews in Germany and Italy and was anxious to publish another encyclical, more widely distributed, condemning racism and anti-Semitism; because of Vatican politics, it never saw the light of day.
The head of Germany's main lay Catholic group, the Central Committee of German Catholics, Alois Glueck, said that Pope Francis's decision offers the chance of a first step toward a new beginning in the Limburg diocese, because the situation has become an increasing burden for the faithful there, and in all of Germany, over recent weeks.
Bishop Franz–Peter Tebartz–van Elst of Limburg sparked anger among German Catholics and media over the huge cost of his residence.