German East Africa


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

German East Africa,

former German colony, c.370,000 sq mi (958,300 sq km), E Africa. Dar es Salaam was the capital. German influence emerged in the area in 1884 when Carl Peters, the German explorer, obtained treaties over parts of the territory. The German government declared a protectorate over the area in 1885 and the German East Africa Company was organized to administer it. In 1888, the sultan of Zanzibar relinquished the coastal areas, but German control was hindered by the Abushiri revolt (1888–90). In Jan., 1891, the German government took over the administration of the colony and by 1898 had conquered all of the territory. Plantations were established and railroad and harbor systems were begun. Discontentment with the administration and with the plantation system, however, led to the widespread Maji Maji rebellion (1905–7). After the rebellion, the colony entered a period of reform and economic expansion. During World War I the Allies captured German East Africa; after the war it was divided into League of Nations mandates. Great Britain was given most of the area, renamed Tanganyika (now TanzaniaTanzania
, officially United Republic of Tanzania, republic (2015 est. pop. 51,046,000), 364,898 sq mi (945,087 sq km), E Africa, formed in 1964 by the union of the republics of Tanganyika and Zanzibar.
..... Click the link for more information.
), while Belgium received Ruanda-Urundi (now RwandaRwanda
, officially Republic of Rwanda, republic (2015 est. pop. 11,630,000), 10,169 sq mi (26,338 sq km), E central Africa. It borders on Congo (Kinshasa) in the west, on Uganda in the north, on Tanzania in the east, and on Burundi in the south.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and BurundiBurundi
, officially Republic of Burundi, republic (2015 est. pop. 10,199,000), 10,747 sq mi (27,834 sq km), E central Africa. It borders on Rwanda in the north, on Tanzania in the east, on Lake Tanganyika in the southwest, and on Congo (Kinshasa) in the west.
..... Click the link for more information.
), and Kionga, a village, was ceded to Portugal.

Bibliography

See V. T. Harlow and E. M. Chilver, ed., History of East Africa, Vol. II (1965); J. Bridgman and D. E. Clarke, German Africa: A Selected Annotated Bibliography (1965).

German East Africa

 

a former German colony in East Africa (this name came into being in 1891). It included the territories of what are now Burundi, Rwanda, and most of Tanzania (Tanganyika). The native population of German East Africa was subjected to harsh exploitation. The despotic rule of the colonizers provoked numerous revolts, for example, the uprising headed by Abushiri in 1888-89, the revolt of the Haya and Chagga peoples, which began in 1891 and lasted about six years, and the Maji Maji revolt of 1905-07.

During World War I there was fighting on the territory of German East Africa. Under the Versailles Treaty of 1919 the major part of German East Africa—Tanganyika—was placed under the mandate of Great Britain, the territories of Burundi and Rwanda came under Belgian mandate, acquiring the name Ruanda-Urundi, and a small territory, the so-called Kionga Triangle, was made part of the Portuguese colony of Mozambique.

German East Africa

a former German territory in E Africa, consisting of Tanganyika and Ruanda-Urundi: divided in 1919 between Great Britain and Belgium; now in Tanzania, Rwanda, and Burundi
References in periodicals archive ?
In chapter two she describes the training process that transformed recruits from vastly different regions--the Egyptian Sudan all the way to the central steppe and Great Lakes region of German East Africa and Belgian Congo--into Schutztruppe askari.
As well as serving in France and German East Africa these Regiments also fought in the two complementary campaigns and axes against the Turkish Army: one drive from Egypt/Sinai into Palestine and Syria; and the other up the Tigris River in Mesopotamia (now Iraq) terminating at Baghdad and Mosul.
This expansion had devastating effects for the colonized people, who were subjugated as 'uncivilized natives' or 'brutes' by a policy guided by the Prussian military totalitarian mindset that had deadly consequences for many, be it in Tsingtao, then South West Africa, or German East Africa, or in the West African plantation colonies of Togo and Cameroon.
In 1915 Captain (Dr) Kay left for active service in German East Africa. Following his return in 1917, he was appointed District Surgeon and Port Health Officer of Port Elizabeth (as successor to a Dr Rees, who had died from typhus fever contracted while on duty).
Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck and his hard-fighting Schutztruppe in German East Africa.
It had several protectorates across the continent, including German East Africa and German South-West Africa (present-day Namibia).
Topics discussed include historical approaches to women writers, literary studies as gender studies, nineteenth-century literature for girls as moral and cultural instruction, and race and gender in writings from German East Africa. Contributors include academics in literature, communications, and gender studies from American and European universities.
Prince Otto von Bismarck's government backed Peters in the subsequent establishment of the German East Africa Company.
Although the city can be said to have been founded in 1862 by the sultan of Zanzibar, it does not really begin to take on urban form until it becomes the capital of German East Africa in 1891.
However, he was not sent back to the Western Front but to the campaign being waged in German East Africa. Here the problems faced were as much to do with the climate and disease as they were with the tenacity of their foes.

Full browser ?