chamomile

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chamomile

or

camomile

(both: kăm`əmīl', –mēl') [Gr.,=ground apple], name for various related plants of the family Asteraceae (asteraster
[Gr.,=star], common name for the Asteraceae (Compositae), the aster family, in North America, name for plants of the genus Aster, sometimes called wild asters, and for a related plant more correctly called China aster (Callistephus chinensis
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 family), especially the perennial Anthemis nobilis, the English, or Roman, chamomile, and the annual Matricaria chamomilla, the German, or wild, chamomile. Both are European herbs with similar uses. The former has an applelike aroma and is the chamomile most frequently grown for ornament (often as a ground cover) and for chamomile tea, made from the dried flower heads, which contain a volatile oil. The oil from the similar flowers of the wild chamomile was most often used medicinally, particularly as a tonic; today its chief use is as a hair rinse. Chamomile is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Asterales, family Asteraceae.
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chamomile

chamomile

Small, daisy-like sweet apple-flavored flower famous for its herbal medicinal use. Yellow center disc sticks out more like a ball. A great source of the amino acid tryptophan, which is converted into the neurotransmitter serotonin. Relaxes and makes you feel good. Great for stress and peaceful sleep. Dried flowers used to make tea for calming down, anxiety, insomnia, colic, diarrhea, indigestion, colds, flu, fever, headache, cramps, spasms, arthritis, cancer, gastrointestinal inflammation, ulcers, irritable bowel, gas, stomach cramps, allergies, respiratory issues, pain, colic, promote urination, . Tea also used externally to wash hair, skin, hemorrhoids, skin inflammations, sunburn. Add to bath to relax. Flowers good in salads. Anti-bacterial, good for mouth, teeth and gums. Anti-inflammatory- good for rheumatism, arthritis and other painful swellings. Anti-cancer antioxidant. Do not take while pregnant(uterine contractions). Do not take if taking Warfarin or blood thinners. Related to ragweed, test small amount first, some people have reactions.

camomile

, chamomile
1. any aromatic plant of the Eurasian genus Anthemis, esp A. nobilis, whose finely dissected leaves and daisy-like flowers are used medicinally: family Asteraceae (composites)
2. any plant of the related genus Matricaria, esp M. chamomilla (German or wild camomile)
3. camomile tea a medicinal beverage made from the fragrant leaves and flowers of any of these plants
References in periodicals archive ?
One in vitro study of German chamomile tested its effects on four selected human cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYP1A2, CYP2C9, CYP2D6 and CYP3A4).
One recent RCT pilot study tested adult patients (n=34) diagnosed with chronic) primary insomnia (> 6 months--Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition criteria), randomised to receive either placebo or German chamomile dried extract (540mg/day in a split dose of 2 x 3 tablets) for 28 days.
Two different plant species named as chamomile, namely Roman chamomile (Anthemis nobilis L.) and German chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.), are used worldwide as medicinal plants.
Other possibilities include bog myrtle, German chamomile, sandalwood, tomato and vetiver (Chrysopogon zizaniodes).
Traditionally Matricaria recutita (German chamomile) has broad application, particularly in allergic and inflammatory disorders.
There is another advantage of German chamomile cultivation; it means German chamomile will not appear as weedy plant of other plants, and spilled seeds will bring about continuity of German chamomile appearance.
German chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.), one of popular ingredients in herbal teas, has some medicinal actions such as antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory actions (for a review, McKay and Blumberg 2006).
Looking out across the organic medicinal herb farm in the Pinar del Rio province of Cuba, I am intoxicated by the scent from endless rows of German chamomile, calendula, and Japanese mint.
We planted the common ornamental chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile, a perennial), but flowers of German chamomile (Matricaria recutita, an annual) make a better-tasting tea.
In May 2001, a previously healthy woman aged 45 years reported the onset of nausea and weakness approximately 8 weeks after beginning use of a kava-containing dietary supplement that listed on the package label, "Kava kava extract (root), standardized to 30% kavalactones (75 mg), hops (strobiles), German chamomile (flower head), passion flower (flower and fruit), gelatin, and natural vegetable fiber." The patient reported taking one tablet twice daily, which was less than the package label recommendation of one tablet three times daily.
German chamomile flowers, the species commonly sold in this country, contain an oil that reduces inflammation and spasms.
The children were treated with an individualized homeopathic medicine, such as pulsatilla (from windflower) and chamomilla (from German chamomile) or received placebo for 5 days or until symptoms of acute otitis media subsided.