Guernica

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Guernica

(gārnē`kä), historic town (1990 pop. 16,422), Vizcaya prov., N Spain, in the Basque region. It has metallurgical, furniture, and food manufacturers, and some tourism. The oak of Guernica, under which the diet of Vizcaya used to meet, is a symbol of the lost liberties of the Basques. In Apr., 1937, German planes, aiding the insurgents in the Spanish civil war, bombed and destroyed Guernica. The indiscriminate killing of women and children aroused world opinion, and the bombing of Guernica became a symbol of fascist brutality. The event inspired one of Picasso's most celebrated paintings. Guernica is also called Guernica y Luno.

Guernica

 

Guernica y Luno, city in northern Spain, in the Basque country (Biscay Province). Population, approximately 5,000. Located in the Cantabrian Mountains in the Mundaca valley.

Guernica is an ancient center of Basque culture. During the Civil War and the Italo-German intervention of 1936-39, Guernica was subjected to a lengthy and devastating bombardment by German aircraft. The barbarous destruction of the ancient city aroused the indignation of progressive people throughout the world. Picasso’s painting, Guernica (1937), is devoted to that event.

Guernica

bombing of Guernica (1937); memorialized by Picasso’s painting. [Span. Hist.: NCE, 1158; Art Hist.: Osborne, 867]

Guernica

painting by Picasso depicting horror of war. [Art: Osborne, 866–867]
See: War

Guernica

a town in N Spain: formerly the seat of a Basque parliament; destroyed in 1937 by German bombers during the Spanish Civil War, an event depicted in one of Picasso's most famous paintings. Pop.: 15 454 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Centre Stelling burst on to the scene with a club-record six-minute hat-trick on his first-team debut against Bizkaia Gernika in October 2012.
El Gernika se incorpora por los etarras a su iconografia, quizas para abrochar sus deseos de paz, frente a la denuncia contra la guerra y la muerte que simbolizaba el cuadro de Picasso.
Galtung, Johan (2004), Violencia cultural, Bilbao, Gernika Gorogatuz.
Por citar un ejemplo: en los casos en que ese concepto de la territorialidad se cree desde una perspectiva nacionalista vasca, el Pais Vasco trascendera los limites acotados por el estatuto de autonomia de Gernika, englobando los siete territorios que historicamente conforman Euskal Herria, Pais Vasco o Pais del Euskara: cuatro en el estado espanol y tres en el estado frances.
La riqueza tematica de este libro es delineada con las ponencias sobre prensa que se presentaron en el XVI Congreso Internacional de Historiadores de America Latina y Europa, celebrado en 2011, en el que participaron las doctoras Rosa Maria Valles Ruiz, Rosa Maria Gonzalez Victoria y Patricia Vega Jimenez, coordinadoras del mismo, las dos primeras investigadoras de la Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Hidalgo y la tercera de la Universidad de Costa Rica, asi como otros 10 autores, quienes conjuntaron 13 colaboraciones en este trabajo de ediciones Gernika dado a la luz en este 2014.
These articles appeared shortly before Kol'tsov visited Bilbao and wrote articles about Basque culture for Pravda, later published in Ispanskii dnevnik (Olga Novikova Monterde, "Cuando el contorno siniestro de un avion les oculto el sol: Germka y el Pais Vasco vistos por la Rusia Roja y la Rusia Blanca," in El Bombardeo de Gernika y su repercusidn internacional: 75 Aniversario del bombardeo de Gernika, 1937-2012, ed.
Pasantia en el Instituto de Investigaciones por la Paz "Gernika Gogoratuz", Gernika, Espana.
El Partido Nacionalista Vasco, como Partido mayoritario, avalado por el respaldo de nuestro pueblo asumiendo las responsabilidades que ello comporta, condena con toda energia estos crimenes en especial el cometido hoy en Gernika, con independencia de cualquier partidismo politico".
de Teresa Toda), Fundacion Gernika Gogoratuz, Centro de Investigacion por la Paz, Bizkaia, 2003.
654 muertos y 889 heridos) que en su dia apuntase el Gobierno Vasco (El Gernika de Richthofen.
Elsewhere, Worcester ran in 11 tries in a 71-19 win over Spanish champions Bizkaia Gernika And Wales scrum-half Mike Phillips was among the try scorers in Bayonne's 54-0 win over Rugby Mogliano in Italy.