Guernica

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Guernica

(gārnē`kä), officially Gernika-Lumo, historic town (1990 pop. 16,422), Bizkaia (Vizcaya or Biscay) prov., N Spain, in the Basque Country. It has metallurgical, furniture, and food manufacturers, and some tourism. The oak of Guernica, under which the Biscayan general assembly used to meet, is a symbol of the rights and liberties of the Basques. In Apr., 1937, German planes, aiding the insurgents in the Spanish civil war, bombed and destroyed Guernica. The indiscriminate killing of women and children aroused world opinion, and the bombing of Guernica became a symbol of fascist brutality. The event inspired one of Picasso's most celebrated paintings. Guernica is also called Guernica y Luno.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Guernica

 

Guernica y Luno, city in northern Spain, in the Basque country (Biscay Province). Population, approximately 5,000. Located in the Cantabrian Mountains in the Mundaca valley.

Guernica is an ancient center of Basque culture. During the Civil War and the Italo-German intervention of 1936-39, Guernica was subjected to a lengthy and devastating bombardment by German aircraft. The barbarous destruction of the ancient city aroused the indignation of progressive people throughout the world. Picasso’s painting, Guernica (1937), is devoted to that event.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Guernica

bombing of Guernica (1937); memorialized by Picasso’s painting. [Span. Hist.: NCE, 1158; Art Hist.: Osborne, 867]

Guernica

painting by Picasso depicting horror of war. [Art: Osborne, 866–867]
See: War
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Guernica

a town in N Spain: formerly the seat of a Basque parliament; destroyed in 1937 by German bombers during the Spanish Civil War, an event depicted in one of Picasso's most famous paintings. Pop.: 15 454 (2003 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Irujo describes events that took place in Gernika (usually Guernica in English), a small city in the Basque Country in April 1937 and their international diplomatic and political impact.
Howard, 22, made his Premiership debut against Leicester at Welford Road in September 2012 before marking his first start with two tries against Bizkaia Gernika RT in the Amlin Challenge Cup.
Atendiendo a la intensidad de los ataques aereos, asi como al caracter simbolico que llego a adquirir la localidad--que acogio el 1 de febrero de 1939 la ultima sesion parlamentaria de la II Republica en suelo espanol y por la que pasaron los presidentes Manuel Azana, Lluis Companys o Jose Antonio Aguirre--, el historiador Enric Pujol ha llegado a definirla como "la Gernika de Cataluna" (Torrus).
I've tried to think how much healthier Plaid's political standing across Wales would have been if only Plaid had come out in favour of helping the Basques and Catalans, especially after the bombing of Gernika (Guernica, if you prefer the Spanish spelling to the Basque) early in the Civil War.
After lunch in the historic town of Gernika, we return to the centre to find a group of excited schoolchildren on the observation platform, where 11 spoonbills have just swooped in to feed in the lagoon immediately below.