Estos casos de desarrollo se han reportado, principalmente, en especies acuaticas de la superfamilia Gerroidea
(Schuh & Slater, 1995) y Mesoveloidea (Menke, 1979; Taylor & McPearson, 1998); recientemente, Mayorga (2015) reporto a A.
Comparisons with recently published studies, including DNA sequence data show that the superfamilies Hydrometroidea and Gerroidea, the family Veliidae, the subfamily Mesoveliinae, and the genera Mesovelia and Microvelia are probably not monophyletic, and that Paraphrynoveliidae, Gerridae, Madeoveliinae, Ocelloveliinae, Veliinae, Haloveliinae and Gerrinae are without convincing diagnostic morphological characters.
Polhemus, 2008a): Mesoveloidea: Mesoveliidae: Madeoveliinae, Mesoveliinae (12 genera: 46 species), Hebroidea: Hebridae: Hebrinae, Hyrcaninae (7 genera: 126 species), Hydrometroidea: Hydrometridae: Heterocleptinae, Hydrometrinae, Limnobatodinae (7 genera: 126 species), Paraphrynoveliidae (1 genus: 2 species), Macroveliidae (3 genera: 3 species), Gerroidea: Hermatobatidae (1 genus: 10 species), Veliidae: Haloveliinae, Microveliinae, Ocelloveliinae, Perittopinae, Rhagoveliinae, Veliinae (61 genera: 962 species), and Gerridae: Charmatometrinae, Cylindrostethinae, Eotrechinae, Gerrinae, Halobatinae, Ptilomerinae, Rhagadotarsinae, Trepobatinae (67 genera: 751 species).
This study confirmed Mesoveliidae as being the sister group to all other families of Gerromorpha and also the close relationship between the Gerridae and Veliidae, but suggested that the superfamilies Gerroidea (Hermatobatidae + Gerridae + Veliidae) and Hydrometroidea (Paraphrynoveliidae + Macroveliidae + Hydrometridae), the family Veliidae, and the gerrid subfamily Cylindrostethinae were paraphyletic entities, and that Gerrinae, Haloveliinae, Ocelloveliinae, Paraphrynoveliidae, and Veliinae lacked convincing morphological diagnostic characters.
First of all, the use of superfamilies should be abandoned, since these are either paraphyletic ("Gerroidea" and "Hydrometroidea") or includes a single family ("Mesoveloidea" and "Hebroidea"), which has already been sufficiently well-diagnosed, thus leaving the assignment to a superfamily without any additional content.
Muraji and Tachikawa (2000) analyzed the relationships among the families of Gerroidea (Gerridae, Hermatobatidae, and Veliidae), including 30 species of the superfamily and two other species of Gerromorpha as outgroups, using 16S rDNA and 28S rDNA.
They recovered as monophyletic the superfamily Gerroidea, and Gerridae, but Veliidae as paraphyletic.