Gesneriaceae


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Gesneriaceae

[ge‚snir·ē′ās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Scrophulariales characterized by parietal placentation, mostly opposite or whorled leaves, and a well-developed embryo.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gesneriaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants related to the figworts (Scrophulariaceae). They are mainly herbs, sometimes with thickened rhizomes, and rarely shrubs, woody lianas, and small trees. Many small Gesneriaceae are epiphytes. The blossoms are primarily large, brightly colored, bisexual, and predominantly irregular. There are over 120 genera (more than 1,800 species), chiefly in the tropics and subtropics. In the USSR there are no wild Gesneriaceae. In some species of the genus Streptocarpus, the entire subterranean portion shows only one large leaf. Many Gesneriaceae, especially Gloxinias and the Saintpaulia ionantha violet, are greenhouse and house ornamentals.

REFERENCE

Ivanina, L. I. Semeistvo gesnerievykh: Karpologicheskii obzor. Leningrad, 1967.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Middleton, "A revision of Aeschynanthus (Gesneriaceae) in Thailand," Edinburgh Journal of Botany, vol.
Generos Especies Fabaceae 12 Araceae 17 Rubiaceae 10 Fabaceae 16 Orchidaceae 10 Melastomataceae 12 Araceae 7 Rubiaceae 12 Melastomataceae 6 Orchidaceae 11 Polypodiaceae 6 Piperaceae 9 Asteraceae 5 Solanaceae 8 Solanaceae 5 Polypodiaceae 7 Gesneriaceae 3 Asteraceae 6 Tabla 4.
2005 Revision of Cyrtandra section Dissimiles (Gesneriaceae).
Important families: Scrophulariaceae, Oleaceae, Gesneriaceae, Lentibulariaceae.
Family Name (Latin and Common): Gesneriaceae, the Gesneria family
In 1992 a cloud forest plant, Besleria triflora (Gesneriaceae), has been described that has large, showy staminate flowers for the sole purpose of attracting its pollinator, a hummingbird.
Asterid 1: Acanthaceae, Apocynaceae, Asclepiadaceae, Bignoniaceae, Boraginaeae, Convolvulaceae, Cornaceae (Aucuba), Gentianaceae, Gesneriaceae, Hydrophyllaceae, Lamiaceae, Loganiaceae, Oleaceae, Plantaginaceae?, Rubiaceae, Scrophulariaceae, Solanaceae, Verbenaceae.
Burger, ined.], also Rubiaceae; the shrub Hansteinia blepharorachis (Leonard) Durkee and the herb Dicliptera iopus Lindau, both Acanthaceae; the shrub Besleria triflora (Oersted) Hanst., Gesneriaceae; and the epiphytic Satyria warszewiczii Klotsch, Ericaceae.
Ling and colleagues (2017) studied the pattern of distribution and pollination strategies of Gesneriaceae from Hainan Island, the largest tropical island of China, as compared to the surrounding regions, including mainland China and Southeast Asia.