Gestapo


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to Gestapo: Concentration camps

Gestapo:

see secret policesecret police,
policing organization operating in secrecy for the political purposes of its government, often with terroristic procedures. The Nature of a Secret Police
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Gestapo

 

(abbreviation of Geheime Staatspolizei), secret government police in fascist Germany. The Gestapo was created in April 1933 for the purpose of physically eliminating the political opponents of fascism. It was an instrument of bloody terror in Germany and beyond its borders. Hundreds of thousands of antifascists were killed and bestially tortured by the Gestapo in numerous concentration camps and torture chambers without trial or investigation. In June 1936, Himmler was appointed imperial director of the Gestapo, which had agents in businesses, institutions, organizations, and living quarters. There was even a special division for surveillance of members of the Nazi Party. Beyond Germany’s borders agents of the Gestapo conducted military-political espionage and committed murders and kidnappings of anti-fascist activists. During World War II organs of the Gestapo committed savage reprisals against the peaceful populations of occupied territories, foreign workers, and war prisoners. After the rout of fascist Germany, the Gestapo was abolished and outlawed by Law No. 2 of the Control Council of Germany in 1945. The international military tribunal in Nuremberg recognized the Gestapo as a criminal organization in 1946.

REFERENCES

Niurnbergskii protsess nad glavnymi nemetskimi voennymi prestupnikami: Sb. materialov, vols. 1-7. Moscow, 1957-61.
Trainin, I. P. Mekhanizm nemetsko-fashistskoi diktatury. Tashkent, 1942.
Geiden, K. Istoriia germanskogo fashizma. Moscow-Leningrad, 1935. (Translated from German.)
Winzer, O. 12 let bor’by protiv fashizma i voiny. Moscow, 1956. (Translated from German.)
Bartel, W. Deutschland in der Zeit der faschistischen Diktatur 1933-1945. Berlin, 1956.

V. D. KUL’BAKIN

Gestapo

German secret police under Nazi regime. [Ger. History: RHD, 595]

Gestapo

Nazi secret police. [Ger. Hist.: Hitler, 453]
See: Evil

Gestapo

Nazi secret police; executors of “Final Solution.” [Ger. Hist.: Wigoder, 211]

Gestapo

the secret state police in Nazi Germany, noted for its brutal methods of interrogation
References in periodicals archive ?
It was the Gestapo as well as the Criminal Police who belonged to the domain of the Breslau IdS that performed most of the killings and attended to their aftermath.
The South Sudanese must not allow Kiir's Nazi mindset to give birth to a Gestapo baby with a "kill with impunity" statement written on its forehead.
Chapter four explains how new "mixed-race" functionaries were appointed, now called intermediaries, who monitored the mischlinge (mixed-race) population for the Gestapo, distributed ordinances, and eventually arranged for their deportations.
A copy of the letter Himmler sent to the Gestapo in Dusseldorf was given to him.
Julia is confessing all she knows to the Gestapo and interwoven in this is the story of Maddie's and her friendship all told in flashbacks and at times what with use of code names and nicknames it can get quite confusing.
The Gestapo flew her to Berlin to seal the deal for her husband's release.
Ms Turner's arrest was condemned by Downing Street insiders as evidence of police "Gestapo tactics".
After the first such operation, called an Aktion, the surviving Jews were forced to reimburse the Gestapo for the ammunition used to kill their friends and families.
In a March 4 article in the PA sponsored newspaper, Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, Editor-in-Chief Hafez Barghuthi equated Western institutions with the Gestapo of Hitler's Third Reich.
Ruthless William Morz murdered British agents in Prague before the Gestapo smuggled him into London.
A PRIZED POSSESSION: A photo of my father's assistant, now in her 90s, with the piano where she hid some Jewish boys from the Gestapo during World War II.
Yet there would have been hell to pay, even a half-century later, had the German government in 2000 celebrated the birth centenary of Heinrich Himmler, the remorseless head of the Nazi secret police, the Gestapo, and the SS and one of the architects of the Holocaust.