Ghazi

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Ghazi

 

(Arabic; the russianized plural form gazii is sometimes found in Russian works). (1) In the Middle Ages a person taking part in a ghazwa—a war between Muslims and “infidels” (see jihad); in certain countries there were also special detachments of ghazi recruited among the poor and declassed elements of the population, in effect mercenaries, to defend the borders and to put down popular uprisings.

(2) An honorary title, in many eastern Muslim countries bestowed on those who had distinguished themselves as military leaders—for example, Mustapha Kemal (Ataturk) was voted the title of ghazi by the Turkish Grand National Assembly for his victory in the battle of Sakarya (August-September 1921). After the abolition of titles in Turkey in 1934 the title ghazi was no longer used.

References in periodicals archive ?
Principal Staff Officers of PAF, Senior Air Force Officers, journalists and the families of Shuhada and Ghazis attended the ceremony.
Islamabad -- The proceedings of the murder of Lal Masjid Naib-Khatib Abdul Rasheed Ghazi and his mother will be held today here on Monday.
According to details, the proceeding against Pervez Musharraf in the murder case of Allama Abdul Rasheed Ghazi will be held today (Monday) in court of Additional and session judge Wajid Ali Khan.
In a joint statement issued here on Tuesday, he said that the sacrifices of the martyrs and Ghazis of the Army Public School Scheme (APS) incident could not be forgotten by the nation.