Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej


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Gheorghiu-Dej, Gheorghe

 

Born Nov. 8, 1901, in Bòrlad; died Mar. 19, 1965, in Bucharest. Activist in the Rumanian labor movement, a governmental and political figure of the Socialist Republic of Rumania.

Gheorghiu-Dej became active in the labor movement at the age of 18 and joined the Communist Party of Rumania (CPR) in 1930. In 1932 he was elected secretary of the All-Rumanian Central Committee of the Railroad Workers’ Action. In the summer of 1933 he was sentenced to 12 years at hard labor for his part in the organization of the railroad and oil workers’ strike in January-February 1933. In 1935 he was elected in absentia to the Central Committee of the CPR. In August 1944, when the armed uprising against the military-fascist dictatorship was being prepared the Communist Party organized Gheorghiu-Dej’s escape from a concentration camp. After the liberation of Rumania from fascism in August 1944, Gheorghiu-Dej led the struggle of the working masses for the implementation of social and economic transformations in Rumania. In October 1945 he was elected general secretary of the Central Committee of the CPR; from October 1955 to March 1965 he was first secretary of the Central Committee of the party. From 1944 to 1948 he headed several ministries. From 1948 to 1952 he was first, vice-chairman and from 1952 to 1955, chairman of the Council of Ministers. The title of Hero of Socialist Labor of the Socialist Republic of Rumania was conferred on him twice (1951, 1961). In March 1961 he became chairman of the State Council of the Socialist Republic of Rumania.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Stat’i i rechi, vols. 1-2. Moscow, 1956.
“Otchetnyi doklad Tsentral’nogo Komiteta Rumynskoi rabochei partii 3-mu s”ezdu partii.” 3 s”ezd Rumynskoi rabochei partii. Moscow, 1960.

E. D. KARPESHCHENKO

References in periodicals archive ?
appreciated the Bucharest regime's independent streak under Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej and Nicolae Ceausescu.
The second chapter completes the first one, addressing the process of collectivization in terms of ideology and propaganda it was founded on, by deciphering and interpreting philosophical construction of Marxism as a whole (the works of Marx and Engels, Lenin and Stalin), as well as by analysing, in the general context in which they were launched by Communist leaders, of a vast set of documents including the writings and speeches of Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, Vasile Luca, Ana Pauker, Teohari Georgescu, the plenary reports, conferences and congresses of the party, the programmes concerning the agrarian policy of the Romanian Workers Party, archival information, studies and Articles published in periodicals of the era.
Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, although widely regarded as one of Khrushchev's most loyal allies in 1956, secretly loathed the mercurial Soviet leader.
in Europe was Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej the President until his death in 1965?
and the party is the defender of the working peasantry, its guide", stated Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej in February 1948 (5).
Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej led the Soviet model to its last results.
5) Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, Ariticole si cuvantari, PMR Publishing House, Bucharest, 1951.
3) Perceput ca un lider cu puternice convingeri staliniste, Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej era, ca si modelul sau politic, Stalin, extrem de preocupat de consolidarea puterii personale in cadrul partidului comunist.