Ghitani, Gamal al-

Ghitani, Gamal al-,

1945–2015, Egyptian novelist and journalist. He studied Oriental carpet design and apprenticed as a carpet maker before turning to journalism. A strong supporter of human rights, he was jailed for six months in 1966–67 for public dissent. He covered the 1973 Arab-Israeli war for the newspaper Akhbar al-Youm, and was named (1985) editor of the culture section of the state-owned newspaper Al-Akbar. Ghitani also was the founding editor of the literary magazine Akhbar al-Adab (1993–2011). His best-known work is the historical novel Zayni Barakat (1974; tr. 2010); ostensibly about totalitarianism under the 16th-century Mamluks, it is considered an allegory of Egypt under NasserNasser, Gamal Abdal
, 1918–70, Egyptian army officer and political leader, first president of the republic of Egypt (1956–70). A revolutionary since youth, he was wounded by the police and expelled (1935) from secondary school in Cairo for leading an anti-British
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. His many other works include The Mahfouz Dialogs (2006; tr. 2007), notes from a series of recorded conversations involving the writer Naquib MahfouzMahfouz, Naguib
, 1911–2006, Egyptian novelist and short-story writer, b. Cairo. After his graduation (1934) from Cairo Univ., he worked in various government ministries until his retirement in 1971.
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 and his friends, and the novels Incidents in Zafarani Alley (1976; tr. 1986; tr. 2009 as The Zafarani Files), The Book of Epiphanies (1983–86; tr. 2012), and Pyramid Texts (1994; tr. 2007). Ghitani also published several short story collections. He was one of several intellectuals who supported the ouster (2013) of Islamist president Mohamed MorsiMorsi, Mohamed
, 1951–2019, Egyptian engineer and political leader, grad. Cairo Univ. (B.A. 1975. M.A. 1978), Univ. of Southern California (Ph.D. 1982). He taught engineering at California State Univ., Northridge, and after returning to Egypt in 1985, at Zagazig Univ.
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