Ghorids

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ghorids

 

a dynasty of sultans from Ghor, from the house of Suri. They founded an independent state (1148–1206) in the upper reaches of the Hari Rud and Helmand rivers, the center of which was the mountainous Ghor region (in what is present-day Afghanistan) and the capitals, the cities of Firoz Koh and Ghazni. The Ghorid state achieved its greatest power under the sultans Ghiyas-ud-Din Muhammad (1163–1203) and Shihab-ud-din (Muizz-ud-Din or Muhammad Ghori; 1203–06). who seized almost the entire territory of present-day Afghanistan and also Sind, Punjab. Benares, and other regions and cities in India. Having joined battle with the Khwarezm-Shahs, the Ghorid troops were defeated, and their state disintegrated in 1206.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The foreign dynasties that exercised temporary suzerainty over the region included the Deilamis, the Seljuks, the Ghaznivids, the Ghorids and the Mongols.
Saleh revealed that from Alchamenian, it onwards came under the sway of many different influences and rulers namely Mauryans, Greeks, Scythians, Kushans, Sasanians, White Huns, Hindu Shahis, Ghaznavids, Slave Dynasty, Ghorids, Suri Afghans, Mughals, Durrani Afghans, Sikhs and the British before creation of Pakistan.
The Ghaznavids, Ghorids, Delhi Sultans, Mughals, British, and many others are covered in multiple entries.
He apprised that from Alchamenian, it onwards came under the sway of many different influences and rulers namely Mauryans, Greeks, Scythians, Kushans, Sasanians, White Huns, Hindu Shahis, Ghaznavids, Slave Dynasty, Ghorids, Suri Afghans, Mughals, Durrani Afghans, Sikhs and the British before creation of Pakistan.
In regional perspective, Ghorids mainly succeeded Ghaznavids, a hard fact that in the wars of conquest, both interfaith and intra-faith clashes are inevitable.
When it finally came in 1219, Indian Sultanate under Iltumash, a legacy of Ghorids chose to lay back in safety of Central India while a reduced Abbasid Caliphate in Baghdad adopted the strategy of self denial and watched the decimation of Khwarzim cities of Samarkand and Bukhara.
The Mongol hordes later rode through the lands of opposing Ghorid and Khwarzim Empires towards heartlands of Muslim World.
Just four years after his takingover Ghorid Empire, on 25 March 1206, he was mysteriously killed at Dhamik while returning to Ghazni after crushing a revolt in Punjab.
This decisive victory came as a result of his unparallel speed in preparation and then returning to India i.e in merely one year, delay of other Hindu Rajas in joining Pirthviraj before the battle and an unconventional pre-dawn attack by Ghorid Army on orthodox Hindu Rajputs on the day of battle.
Despite of this shortcoming, it is considered a very important and authentic source regarding the Mongol invasions in the thirteenth century CE, as well as the accounts of the Ghaznavids, the Ghorids and Slave dynasty for author was eye-witness.