Yining

(redirected from Ghulja)

Yining

(yē`nĭng`) or

Gulja

(go͝ol`jä`), city (1994 est. pop. 197,500), W Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China, on the Ili River in the Dzungarian basin. An old commercial center trading in tea and cattle, it is still and agricultural area with extensive livestock raising. It has fruit orchards, and iron and coal are mined nearby. Yining was seized by the Russians in 1871 but was restored to China in 1881. It became the capital of an autonomous district in 1954. The names were formerly spelled Ining and Kuldja.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
(19) China was even home to Tatar communities in Tarbaghatay, Ghulja, and Urumchi; one of the Bubi brothers from Izh-Bubyi found refuge in Ghulja from 1913 to 1917 after the closure of their madrasa due to anti-Jadid persecution.20 As a correspondent of his own newspaper Waqt staying in Istanbul during the Balkan War in 1912 (Meyer, 168-70), Fatih Kerimi reverently wrote about Indian Muslims sending donations and Red Crescent missions.
A significant turning point for the Uyghur question took place in February 1997 when a series of protests for Uyghur rights broke out in the town of Ghulja, XUAR during the month of Ramadan.
It is therefore safe to assume that not only obscure academics and correspondents, but officials in Beijing as well, are now busy studying the history of the Ghulja uprising and of Osman Batur's guerillas.