(32) Not until the death of the third-generation ruler Mac Tu Thiem did Emperor Gia Long
find the opportunity to end the Mac's rule over Ha Tien.
It was with French aid that the Nguyen emperor Gia Long
helped end three centuries of Chinese rule to unify Vietnam in 1802, establishing a walled Imperial city in Hue.
Within the Imperial City lies the Purple Forbidden City (Imperial Enclosure), built and occupied by the Emperor Gia Long
Michele Thompson attempts to provide the closer context for Jean Marie Despieu, a French physician associated with the rulers Gia Long
and Ming Mang in the early nineteenth century.
Construction of the Long Wall started in 1819 under the direction of Le Van Duyet, a high-ranking mandarin serving Emperor Gia Long
, and it served to demarcate territory and regulate trade and travel between the Viet in the plains and the Hre tribes in the mountain valleys.
Chapter 1 provides the background on the relationship between the Nguyen rulers and the MEP, in particular Emperors Gia Long
and Minh Mang.
In 1802, an emperor named Gia Long
united and named the country Vietnam.
1916-25), instituted a ceremony for the 'celebration of national restoration' to commemorate Gia Long
's unification of Viet Nam under the Nguyen, (29) an action that has some resonance with Clifford Geertz's description of royal ceremonies in nineteenth-century Bali, and John Pemberton's on Java.
After a key Tay Scan victory in 1773, and the subsequent death of almost all princes of the Nguyen family, the last one to resist-Nguyen Anh, the future Emperor Gia Long
In 1787, with assistance from French mercenaries and supporters in Vietnam, the Nguyen forces returned by way of Phu Quoc and the Quadrangle and fought their way north over the next fifteen years, finally recapturing the Nguyen palace in Hue and defeating the Tay Son in Ha Noi After unifying the nation in 1802, Nguyen Anh took the imperial title Gia Long
and founded the Nguyen Dynasty.
Volume One covers four volumes of the Gia Long
archives - virtually all the documents of the reign - and Volume Two covers the first five years of the reign of Minh Mang (1820-25), an extremely important transitional period in pre-modern Vietnamese history.