Giacomo Leopardi


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Leopardi, Giacomo

 

Born June 29, 1798, in Recanati, in the province of Macerata; died June 14, 1837, in Naples. Count; Italian poet.

Leopardi began writing poetry and translating from ancient languages in his early youth. His canzone “To Italy” and “To the Monument of Dante” (both 1818) combine patriotic and freedom-loving sentiments with a tragic sense of life’s hopelessness. His most important book, Songs (published 1831; republished 1835 and 1845), contains political, intimate, and philosophical lyric poems. Paralipomenes of the War Between the Mice and Frogs (published 1842), a satirical narrative poem written in octaves, depicts the events of 1815–21 in Italy. Leopardi also wrote “Hymn to Neptune,” Five Sonnets (1817), prose dialogues (Minor Moral Works, published 1827), translations, and works on classical philology.

Leopardi’s work, an outstanding achievement of modern Italian literature, contradictorily reflects the ideas of the Risorgimento. Essentially a romantic, Leopardi still had classical ties. His reverence for classical antiquity was symptomatic of his profound dissatisfaction with Italian reality. In many ways, his poetry is in harmony with Byron’s Weltschmerz.

WORKS

Opere. Edited by G. Getto. [Milan, 1966.]
In Russian translation:
Dialogi i mysli. Translated by N. M. Sokolov. St. Petersburg, 1908.
Pesni i otryvki. Translated by I. Tkhorzhevskii. [St. Petersburg, 1908.]
Lirika. Translated by A. Akhmatova and A. Naiman. Moscow, 1967.

REFERENCES

De Sanctis, F. Istoriia ital’ianskoi literatury, vol. 2, Moscow, 1964. (Translated from Italian.)
Poluiakhtova, I. K. Istoriia ital’ianskoi literatury XIX veka (epokha Risordzhimento). Moscow, 1970.
Bigongiari, P. Leopardi. Florence, 1962.
De Sanctis, F. Leopardi, 2nd ed. Edited by C. Muscetta and A. Paerna. Turin, 1969.
Mazzatinti, G., M. Menghini, and G. Natali. Bibliografia leopardiana, vols. 1–3. Florence, 1931–53.

N. B. TOMASHEVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Capuzza V (2011) Giacomo Leopardi, Monaldo e l'idea della legge.
(1) Jonathan Galassi, Introduction to Canti: Giacomo Leopardi (New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 2010), p.
Ao refletir que tal estetica fragmentaria se coloca como tema do fazer poetico ungarettiano tanto pela constatacao realizada a partir da leitura de alguma de suas obras--como II Taccuino del Vecchio--quanto pela reiteracao proposta pelo proprio autor em uma conferencia proferida em 1966, o ensaio Ungaretti e l'estetica del frammento acaba instituindo uma ponte entre as solucoes de Ungaretti e suas inovacoes expressivas--o "sentimento de surpresa" (CAMPOS, 2016: 73; CAMPOS, 1969: 88), "o inesperado que punge" (CAMPOS, 2016: 73; CAMPOS, 1969: 88) --, que tinham sido elaboradas no seculo XIX por Giacomo Leopardi, cujas propostas teoricas "seriam traduziveis em termos da atual teoria da informacao" (CAMPOS, 2016: 73; CAMPOS, 1969: 88).
Giacomo Leopardi (Elio Germano) is a spastic young man preoccupied by reading, writing and nature.
Connected to the primacy of the natural over the human, the second pillar of Timpanaro's materialism is represented by the importance that he attributes to Giacomo Leopardi and what he calls pessimistic materialism.
The program (with Pei-yeh Tsai accompanying on piano) includes songs and arias by Donizetti, Rossini and Puccini, as well as "L'Infinito," a new work for voice and piano by FSU faculty member Michelle Caniato based on a text by Giacomo Leopardi.
In 2010, Galassi's lifelong devotion to Italian letters brought about yet another encyclopedic and inescapable work: Canti, by Giacomo Leopardi a poet who has defined lyric poetry in Italy and Europe much in the way Wordsworth, Baudelaire, and Whitman also had for the 19th century and after.
Such titles as "Lost Bodies" or "Lost Souls," for example, or "Italian Days" and "To Giacomo Leopardi in the Sky" don't delimit a subject, as in traditional poetry, so much as key and create a narrative space for it.
Each has been most prominently influenced by writers from a language other than Italian: Giacomo Leopardi by the Greek and Latin poets of antiquity; Alda Merini by Rilke, among others; Valerio Magrelli by the French symbolists.