Giacomo Matteotti


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Matteotti, Giacomo

 

Born May 22, 1885, in Fratta Pole-sine, Rovigo Province; died June 10, 1924, in Rome. One of the leaders of the Italian Socialist Party. A lawyer by education.

During World War I, Matteotti was arrested and imprisoned for antiwar activity. In 1919 he became a parliamentary deputy. In October 1922, together with F. Turati and other reformers, he was expelled from the Italian Socialist Party and helped found the Unitary Socialist Party, which he served as political secretary. In contradistinction to the other reformers, he advocated decisive resistance to fascism. On May 30, 1924, in the newly elected Chamber of Deputies, Matteotti exposed the electoral machinations and abuses of the Fascist Party and demanded that the mandates of the Fascist deputies be annulled. While preparing new exposures of the Fascist regime, he was kidnapped and murdered by the Fascists. His murder caused an acute crisis for the Fascist regime, including the formation of the Aventine Bloc.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chapter one, "Discursive Ritual and Sacrificial Presentation: The Rhetoric of Crisis and Resolution in Fascist Italy" (13-48), spans the ventennio analyzing three of Mussolini's speeches: the address to the Chamber of Deputies on 3 January 1925, when he challenged his critics in the wake of Giacomo Matteotti's assassination; the speech from the balcony of Palazzo Venezia on 16 October 1932, to commemorate Fascism's tenth anniversary; and, the speech to the "Tenth Legion" in Palazzo Venezia's Hall of Battles on 23 September 1939, to reaffirm his authority in the face of impending international crises.
She had been spotted among the spectators at the trial of the Fascists who had murdered Socialist deputy Giacomo Matteotti earlier that year.
Gooch shows that Il Duce missed his great opportunity to break the hold of traditionalism around 1924-1925, but he was bogged down by the crisis that ensued after the murder of the Socialist deputy Giacomo Matteotti and failed to back his own War minister Antonino Di Giorgio when the latter met resistance from the military hierarchy.
Fuming at how junior Fascists had tortured socialist parliamentarian Giacomo Matteotti so severely as to induce their victim's fatal heart attack, Mussolini echoed Harding almost to the syllable: "My worst enemies could not have done me as much harm as my friends."
Partington sees this orderliness as a premonition for social critics who threaten that order, as did Giacomo Matteotti in Italy and Cavor in Wells.
Such an oath implied full acceptance of the crimes perpetrated by Mussolini in order to establish his dictatorship, including the murder of Giacomo Matteotti (1924).
Roberto Farinacci and Italo Balbo, to name only two, governed their party branches as more or less independent kingdoms; Farinacci showed what he thought of the Duce by acting as the lawyer for the killers of Socialist parliamentarian Giacomo Matteotti. Farrell also excels in specifying the threat posed to Fascism by Freemasonry.
Of particular importance were the clashes over the kidnap and murder of the Socialist parliamentary deputy Giacomo Matteotti in 1924 by a Fascist gang.