Giovanni Battista Riccioli

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Riccioli, Giovanni Battista


Born Apr. 17, 1598, in Ferrara; died June 25, 1671, in Bologna. Italian astronomer.

Riccioli’s work A lmagestum novum (New Almagest) was published in 1651. An encyclopedia of the astronomical knowledge of the time, the A Imagestum included the minutes of the trial of Galileo and the text of Galileo’s recantation. It also included a map of the moon, on which craters were named after astronomers.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Giambattista Riccioli e il merito scientifico dei gesuiti nell'eta barocca.
Scientists who participated in this work include Paolo Toscanelli, the Dominican Egnatio Danti, the Jesuits Christopher Clavius, Francesco Mario Grimaldi, Giambattista Riccioli, and Honore Fabri, and finally Gian Domenico Cassini and his son Jacques.
I very much enjoyed Andrew Livingston's article on Giambattista Riccioli and the naming of lunar features (S&T: May 2015, p.
Just four years later, Giambattista Riccioli (1598-1671) in Italy published an even better lunar map in his massive Almagestum Novum.
Astronomer-craftsmen like Giambattista Riccioli, Giovanni Domenico Cassini, and their colleagues revamped older meridiane or built splendid new ones to exacting specifications in San Petronio (Bologna) and Saint Sulpice (Paris), and Santa Maria degli Angeli (Rome), among several others.
The man to ask, the man with the plan, the man who named all the major features on the Moon, was the Italian Jesuit astronomer Giambattista Riccioli (1598-1671).
Remarkably, a new set of names bestowed by Giambattista Riccioli in 1651 did take hold and became the basis of all later lunar nomenclature.
In 1651 Jesuit priest and astronomer Giambattista Riccioli gave the maria designations that reflected states of weather on Earth, names still used today even after it became clear that the maria are solidified lava plains drier than the Sahara.
Double stars were discovered around 1650, a generation after Galileo died, when Giambattista Riccioli (1598-1671), a Jesuit astronomer and geographer at Bologna, Italy, turned his primitive telescope on Mizar and saw that it was not one star, but two.
Convinced by Cassini's observations, Giambattista Riccioli, updating his encyclopedia of astronomy in 1655, "would have put all the planets around the sun had holy writ and papal edict not abundantly proved that God was not a Copernican."
Johannes Hevelius (1647) and Giambattista Riccioli (1651) did just that.
His overestimations, suggesting heights of 7,000 meters (23,000 feet), were disputed by his contemporary Giambattista Riccioli, who said there were no lunar elevations high enough to be called mountains.