Gibbons


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Gibbons

1. Grinling. 1648--1721, English sculptor and woodcarver, noted for his delicate carvings of fruit, flowers, birds, etc.
2. Orlando. 1583--1625, English organist and composer, esp of anthems, motets, and madrigals

Gibbons

 

(Hylobatidae), a family of small anthropoid apes of the order Primates.

The arms of gibbons are exceptionally long (span to 2 m). Cheek pouches and tail are absent. There are small ischial callosities. There are two genera—the gibbons proper (Hylobates), including six species, and the larger siamangs or syn-dactyl gibbons (Symphalangus), represented by the single species S. syndactylus, which have a cutaneous membrane joining the second and third toes. The length of the male’s body in the gibbons proper is 40-64 cm and the weight, from 4 to 8 kg. The siamang male is 47-60 cm long and weighs 9.5-12.5 kg (sometimes up to 20 kg). Sexual dimorphism is not pronounced. The hair is thick, and it varies greatly in color from gray or yellowish brown to (in the black gibbon and the siamang, for example) black. Gibbons are found in southern China, Indochina, the islands of Sumatra, Java, and Kalimantan. The siamangs are native to Sumatra and the Malacca Peninsula (in the state of Selangor). All gibbons live in trees, where they move about with great facility and speed. They throw themselves from branch to branch, at distances up to 10-12 m, using their arms alone (brachiation), or they run across the branches on their legs, balancing themselves with their arms, as they do on the ground. They often stay in pairs or in small groups of six, although sometimes these groups may consist of up to 20 or 30 individuals. They feed on fruits, leaves, buds, flowers, insects, bird eggs and nestlings. Gibbons do not make nests; they sleep in the thick foliage in the branches. The gibbon’s cry, especially that of the black gibbon and the siamang, which has large laryngeal sacs, is very loud. Gestation lasts from 210 to 235 days. The young are born at any time of the year. They reach sexual maturity when five to ten years old, and the life-span is 30 to 35 years. Gibbons are relatively uncommon in zoos.

M. F. NESTURKH

References in periodicals archive ?
Early, who joined BPI nearly seven years ago, worked with Gibbons for ten years at Cap Pub.
Manchester Crown Court heard that on the morning of her death Ms Parker, who had been in a relationship with Gibbons for about two years, was due to attend a jobs course in Rochdale.
While the Filipino community here welcomed Ancajas with open arms, Gibbons feels that Ancajas is now ready to be showcased in a city much bigger and more vibrant than Corpus Christi.
To build a new pool or spa, contact Gibbons Pools for a free consultation.
A new species of gibbon, an ape in the Hylobatidae family, was discovered in China by a group of scientists that also happen to be big fans of "Star Wars" films.
On September 11, 2013, Gibbons was sentenced to six months in prison.
His defence, Aftab Hussein, said Gibbons had forgotten to mention the pre-booked holiday when he was sentenced to the curfew.
The zoo has the most diverse collection of gibbons in the UK, including the agile, pileated, siamang and Northern white-cheeked species, all of which are endangered in the wild.
The development will house all four of the zoo's species of gibbon, all of which are endangered.
Gibbons worked as a master electrician, licensed plumber and HVACR, most recently at Invensys Co.
Scientists on Wednesday unveiled the genome of gibbons, a close cousin of humans genetically but still the most distantly related to people among the apes.
But the new year will bring renewed optimism that Gibbons case will be settled by FIFA's Dispute Resolution Chamber - and that he'll regain full health.