Gibran, Kahlil


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Gibran, Kahlil or Khalil

(kəlēl` jĭbrän`), 1883–1931, Lebanese poet and novelist. His family emigrated to America in 1895 and settled in Boston; Gibran moved to New York City in 1911. In all, he wrote eight books in English and nine in Arabic. Fusing elements of Eastern and Western mysticism, he achieved lasting fame with The Prophet (1923), a collection of 26 inspirational prose poems, presented as sermons preached by a sage. The book, a perennial best seller since its publication, was particularly popular in the 1960s. His other books, also aphoristic and poetic, include Jesus, the Son of Man (1928) and The Garden of the Prophet (1934). A volume of his collected works was published in 2007.

Bibliography

See biographies by K. and J. Gibran (rev. ed. 1991), S. Bushrui and J. Jenkins and R. Waterfield (both: 1999).

Gibran, Kahlil

 

(Arabic name, Jubran Khalil Jubran). Born Dec. 6, 1883, in the village of Bsharri, Lebanon; died in 1931, in New York. Lebanese author and artist.

In 1895, Gibran’s family emigrated to Paris, and later to the United States. His first collections of stories, Nymphs of the Valley and Spirits Rebellious, deal with the life of Lebanese Arabs. In the novella Broken Wings (1912) Gibran defended the right of women to love. He criticized the prejudices and feudal tenor of life in the collection of stories The Storms (1920). The collection of songs entitled A Tear and a Smile (1914) celebrates the beauty of nature and love. Gibran is the author of many articles about music and a book entitled Music. In 1920 a group of Arab emigre writers from Syria and Lebanon organized a literary club in the USA under Gibran’s direction called “al-Rabitah al-Qalamiyah” (The Pen League), which was of great significance in the general development of contemporary Arabic literature. In the book The Prophet, which was written in English and enjoyed great success, Gibran set forth his views on many sides of human life. Gibran influenced contemporary Arabic literature.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Slomannye krylïa. Moscow, 1962.

REFERENCES

Krachkovskii, I. lu.Arabskaia literatura v XX v. Leningrad, 1946.
Krachkovskii, I. Iu. “Arabskaia literatura v Amerike.” Izv. LGU, vol. 1, 1928.
lusupov, D. I. “Dzhubran Khalil’ Dzhubran.” In the collection Istoriia, ekonomika i kul’tura arabskikh stran. Moscow, 1960.
“Jibran … wa Jibran al-muhajirin!” al-Tarig, 1970, no. 6.
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