Gideon v. Wainwright

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Gideon v. Wainwright,

case decided in 1963 by the U.S. Supreme Court. Clarence Earl Gideon was convicted of a felony in a Florida court. He had defended himself after being denied a request for free counsel. The Supreme Court, in overturning his conviction, held that the right to counsel, guaranteed in federal trials by the Sixth Amendment to the Constitution, is fundamental to a fair trial. State failure to provide counsel for a defendant charged with a felony violated the due process clause of the Fourteenth AmendmentFourteenth Amendment,
addition to the U.S. Constitution, adopted 1868. The amendment comprises five sections. Section 1

Section 1 of the amendment declares that all persons born or naturalized in the United States are American citizens and citizens of their state
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 to the Constitution. The decision was one of many by the Supreme Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren that protected the rights of accused criminals and extended the guarantees in the Bill of Rights to state actions. The holding was expanded in 1972 to require counsel for any defendant who would spend even one day in jail if found guilty.


See A. Lewis, Gideon's Trumpet (1964).

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Gideon v. Wainwright

established right of all defendants to counsel (1963). [Am. Hist.: Van Doren, 585]
See: Justice
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
There's no civil equivalent of Gideon v. Wainwright. This is about as close as we can get to helping with that."
In light of long lines of contrary precedent, disruptive and vexatious describe perfectly the petitions of Clarence Earl Gideon (Gideon v. Wainwright) and Oliver Brown (Brown v.
The soaring rhetoric of the Supreme Court in Gideon v. Wainwright (1) declared that "in our adversary system of criminal justice, any person haled into court, who is too poor to hire a lawyer, cannot be assured a fair trial unless counsel is provided for him." (2) This landmark decision held that state courts must appoint attorneys for defendants who could not afford to retain counsel on their own and enshrined the principle that individuals have a right to counsel when their liberty is at stake.
In the 50 years since the Supreme Court case of Gideon v. Wainwright, which established the constitutional right to free counsel for the poor when accused of a crime, the problem of providing legal representation for poor defendants has reached crisis proportions.
The occasion for the film is the 50th anniversary of the Supreme Court's Gideon v. Wainwright ruling, which compels states to provide an attorney to criminal defendants who can't afford one.
As Gideon v. Wainwright (1) reaches its fiftieth anniversary, it
Clearly, the most interesting and most memorable experience of my career and my life, however, was being the lawyer for our state in Gideon v. Wainwright.
"Forty years after Gideon v. Wainwright, indigent defense in the
In 1963, Justice Hugo Black mentioned incorporation and takings in Gideon v. Wainwright: "[T]he Court has made obligatory on the States the Fifth Amendment's command that private property shall not be taken for public use without just compensation."
A series of landmark cases, including Gideon v. Wainwright, Escobedo v.
At its annual Exemplar Award Dinner in Washington, D.C., NLADA recognized Hogan Lovells lawyers for devoting considerable time and resources to delivering on the mandate of Gideon v. Wainwright, which 50 years ago established the right to counsel for people accused of a crime and facing a loss of liberty.
Gideon v. Wainwright (1) is widely regarded as a milestone in